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γβ Ari (Mesarthim)



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The Indo-US Library of Coudé Feed Stellar Spectra
We have obtained spectra for 1273 stars using the 0.9 m coudéfeed telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory. This telescope feedsthe coudé spectrograph of the 2.1 m telescope. The spectra havebeen obtained with the no. 5 camera of the coudé spectrograph anda Loral 3K×1K CCD. Two gratings have been used to provide spectralcoverage from 3460 to 9464 Å, at a resolution of ~1 Å FWHMand at an original dispersion of 0.44 Å pixel-1. For885 stars we have complete spectra over the entire 3460 to 9464 Åwavelength region (neglecting small gaps of less than 50 Å), andpartial spectral coverage for the remaining stars. The 1273 stars havebeen selected to provide broad coverage of the atmospheric parametersTeff, logg, and [Fe/H], as well as spectral type. The goal ofthe project is to provide a comprehensive library of stellar spectra foruse in the automated classification of stellar and galaxy spectra and ingalaxy population synthesis. In this paper we discuss thecharacteristics of the spectral library, viz., details of theobservations, data reduction procedures, and selection of stars. We alsopresent a few illustrations of the quality and information available inthe spectra. The first version of the complete spectral library is nowpublicly available from the National Optical Astronomy Observatory(NOAO) via ftp and http.

The heterogeneous class of lambda Bootis stars
We demonstrate that it is arduous to define the lambda Boo stars as aclass of objects exhibiting uniform abundance peculiarities which wouldbe generated by a mechanism altering the structure of their atmosphericlayers. We collected the stars classified as lambda Boo up to now anddiscuss their properties, in particular the important percentage ofconfirmed binaries producing composite spectra (including our adaptiveoptics observations) and of misclassified objects. The unexplained RVvariables (and thus suspected binaries), the known SB for which we lackinformation on the companion, the stars with an UV flux inconsistentwith their classification, and the fast rotating stars for which noaccurate abundance analysis can be performed, are also reviewed.Partly based on observations collected at the CFH Telescope (Hawaii) andat TBL of the Pic du Midi Observatory (France).Table \ref{tab5} is only available in electronic form athttp://www.edpsciences.org

Catalogue of averaged stellar effective magnetic fields. I. Chemically peculiar A and B type stars
This paper presents the catalogue and the method of determination ofaveraged quadratic effective magnetic fields < B_e > for 596 mainsequence and giant stars. The catalogue is based on measurements of thestellar effective (or mean longitudinal) magnetic field strengths B_e,which were compiled from the existing literature.We analysed the properties of 352 chemically peculiar A and B stars inthe catalogue, including Am, ApSi, He-weak, He-rich, HgMn, ApSrCrEu, andall ApSr type stars. We have found that the number distribution of allchemically peculiar (CP) stars vs. averaged magnetic field strength isdescribed by a decreasing exponential function. Relations of this typehold also for stars of all the analysed subclasses of chemicalpeculiarity. The exponential form of the above distribution function canbreak down below about 100 G, the latter value representingapproximately the resolution of our analysis for A type stars.Table A.1 and its references are only available in electronic form atthe CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/407/631 and Tables 3 to 9are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org

Rotational Velocities of B Stars
We measured the projected rotational velocities of 1092 northern B starslisted in the Bright Star Catalogue (BSC) and calibrated them againstthe 1975 Slettebak et al. system. We found that the published values ofB dwarfs in the BSC average 27% higher than those standards. Only 0.3%of the stars have rotational velocities in excess of two-thirds of thebreakup velocities, and the mean velocity is only 25% of breakup,implying that impending breakup is not a significant factor in reducingrotational velocities. For the B8-B9.5 III-V stars the bimodaldistribution in V can be explained by a set of slowly rotating Ap starsand a set of rapidly rotating normal stars. For the B0-B5 III-V starsthat include very few peculiar stars, the distributions in V are notbimodal. Are the low rotational velocities of B stars due to theoccurrence of frequent low-mass companions, planets, or disks? Therotational velocities of giants originating from late B dwarfs areconsistent with their conservation of angular momentum in shells.However, we are puzzled by why the giants that originate from the earlyB dwarfs, despite having 3 times greater radii, have nearly the samerotational velocities. We find that all B-type primaries in binarieswith periods less than 2.4 days have synchronized rotational and orbitalmotions; those with periods between 2.4 and 5.0 days are rotating withina factor 2 of synchronization or are ``nearly synchronized.'' Thecorresponding period ranges for A-type stars are 4.9 and 10.5 days, ortwice as large. We found that the rotational velocities of the primariesare synchronized earlier than their orbits are circularized. The maximumorbital period for circularized B binaries is 1.5 days and for Abinaries is 2.5 days. For stars of various ages from 107.5 to1010.2 yr the maximum circularized periods are a smoothexponential function of age.

Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin i
This work is the second part of the set of measurements of v sin i forA-type stars, begun by Royer et al. (\cite{Ror_02a}). Spectra of 249 B8to F2-type stars brighter than V=7 have been collected at Observatoirede Haute-Provence (OHP). Fourier transforms of several line profiles inthe range 4200-4600 Å are used to derive v sin i from thefrequency of the first zero. Statistical analysis of the sampleindicates that measurement error mainly depends on v sin i and thisrelative error of the rotational velocity is found to be about 5% onaverage. The systematic shift with respect to standard values fromSlettebak et al. (\cite{Slk_75}), previously found in the first paper,is here confirmed. Comparisons with data from the literature agree withour findings: v sin i values from Slettebak et al. are underestimatedand the relation between both scales follows a linear law ensuremath vsin inew = 1.03 v sin iold+7.7. Finally, thesedata are combined with those from the previous paper (Royer et al.\cite{Ror_02a}), together with the catalogue of Abt & Morrell(\cite{AbtMol95}). The resulting sample includes some 2150 stars withhomogenized rotational velocities. Based on observations made atObservatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS), France. Tables \ref{results} and\ref{merging} are only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/393/897

A speckle interferometry survey of lambda Bootis stars
A search for duplicity of lambda Boo stars has been made by using thespeckle camera installed at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo. Theoperation mode and the reduction procedure allow one to obtain not onlythe separation, but also the magnitude difference between thecomponents; the latter parameter is fundamental for determining thedegree of contamination from the secondary component of a binary systemand thus the importance of the veiling effect that produces absorptionlines weaker than normal. Two stars, HD 38545 and HD 290492, are closebinaries with values of the separation and of the magnitude differencesuch that only a composite spectrum can be observed. For another 15lambda Boo candidates, observed with negative results, the upper limitsof a possible companion separation are given. Based on observations madewith the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on theisland of La Palma by the Centro Galileo Galilei of the CNAA (ConsorzioNazionale per l'Astronomia e l'Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatoriodel Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.

Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics
The Catalogue, available at the Centre de Données Stellaires deStrasbourg, consists of 13 573 records concerning the results obtainedfrom different methods for 7778 stars, reported in the literature. Thefollowing data are listed for each star: identifications, apparentmagnitude, spectral type, apparent diameter in arcsec, absolute radiusin solar units, method of determination, reference, remarks. Commentsand statistics obtained from CADARS are given. The Catalogue isavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcar?J/A+A/367/521

How many lambda Bootis stars are binaries?
In the attempt to shed new light on the lambda Boo phenomenon weanalyzed the astrometric, photometric and spectroscopic characteristicsof stars out of a list of recently selected lambda Boo candidates. Weshow that the class is still ill-defined and discuss the possibilitythat some, if not most stars presently classified as lambda Boo, are infact binary pairs and that peculiar abundances may not correspond toactual values if the average values of the atmospheric parameters{Teff} and log g are assumed and the effect of veiling is nottaken into account. Partly based on data from the ESA Hipparcosastrometry satellite.

New lambda Bootis stars with a shell
We publish here the second part of our spectroscopic survey at highdispersion of some known and suspected lambda Bootis stars with a viewto detecting circumstellar shell features. Eight stars of our sampleexhibit such features. These stars are fast rotators, a result which isin line with Hohlweger and Rentzsch-Holm's study (1995). The analysis ofthe photometric data has allowed us to confirm the exclusion of a fewstars misclassified from the lambda Bootis group.

The observed periods of AP and BP stars
A catalogue of all the periods up to now proposed for the variations ofCP2, CP3, and CP4 stars is presented. The main identifiers (HD and HR),the proper name, the variable-star name, and the spectral type andpeculiarity are given for each star as far as the coordinates at 2000.0and the visual magnitude. The nature of the observed variations (light,spectrum, magnetic field, etc.) is presented in a codified way. Thecatalogue is arranged in three tables: the bulk of the data, i.e. thosereferring to CP2, CP3, and CP4 stars, are given in Table 1, while thedata concerning He-strong stars are given in Table 2 and those foreclipsing or ellipsoidal variables are collected in Table 3. Notes arealso provided at the end of each table, mainly about duplicities. Thecatalogue contains data on 364 CP stars and is updated to 1996, October31. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS,Strasbourg, France.

Doppler imaging of the silicon distribution on CUVir: evidence for a decentred magnetic dipole?
A Doppler image of the silicon distribution on the magnetic Ap starCUVir is presented. This distribution is characterized by a largecircular spot of relative silicon depletion (with respect to the meanvalue across the star) that is coincident with the positive magneticpole. An elongated spot of enhanced silicon is centred at the expectedlocation of the negative magnetic pole. If silicon is enhanced where themagnetic field is horizontal, as is predicted by diffusion theory, thenthis distribution is consistent with a magnetic dipole whose axis isdecentred by about 0.2 in stellar radius along the dipole axis.

The Pulkovo Spectrophotometric Catalog of Bright Stars in the Range from 320 TO 1080 NM
A spectrophotometric catalog is presented, combining results of numerousobservations made by Pulkovo astronomers at different observing sites.The catalog consists of three parts: the first contains the data for 602stars in the spectral range of 320--735 nm with a resolution of 5 nm,the second one contains 285 stars in the spectral range of 500--1080 nmwith a resolution of 10 nm and the third one contains 278 stars combinedfrom the preceding catalogs in the spectral range of 320--1080 nm with aresolution of 10 nm. The data are presented in absolute energy unitsW/m(2) m, with a step of 2.5 nm and with an accuracy not lower than1.5--2.0%.

The photoelectric astrolabe catalogue of Yunnan Observatory (YPAC).
The positions of 53 FK5, 70 FK5 Extension and 486 GC stars are given forthe equator and equinox J2000.0 and for the mean observation epoch ofeach star. They are determined with the photoelectric astrolabe ofYunnan Observatory. The internal mean errors in right ascension anddeclination are +/- 0.046" and +/- 0.059", respectively. The meanobservation epoch is 1989.51.

The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJS...99..135A&db_key=AST

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

A new list of effective temperatures of chemically peculiar stars. II.
Not Available

Spectrum variability of ET Andromedae: SI and He surface mapping
ET And is a silicon star with a rotation period of 1.62 days and thevisible component of a binary system with an orbital period of 48.3days. We present abundance maps for silicon and helium, based onOHP-AURELIE spectra, and demostrate that silicon and helium areconcentrated in a belt-like structure along the magnetic equator.Surface regions with a silicon overabundance are correlated with heliumand underabundance. In the framework of diffusion theory, this patternimplies that a magnetic field configuration of ET And which favors theelevation of Si, simultaneously causes He to sink. In addition, wecomment on the significance of Doppler mapping of Cp stars for a correctabundance determination and on implications to pulsation modeidentifications. We discuss our upper limit for short time-scale radialvelocity variations of 1.4 km/s, which contrast to 4 km/s, as wasclaimed in the literature with a period of 4.8 hours.

Seeing a star's surface.
Not Available

Radio emission from chemically peculiar stars
In five VLA observing runs the initial survey of radio emission frommagnetic Bp-Ap stars by Drake et al. is extended to include a total of16 sources detected at 6 cm out of 61 observed, giving a detection rateof 26 percent. Of these stars, three are also detected at 2 cm, four at3.6 cm, and five at 20 cm. The 11 new stars detected as radio sourceshave spectral types B5-A0 and are He-weak and Si-strong. No classical(SrCrEu-type) Ap stars have yet been detected. The 16 detected sourcesshow a wide range of radio luminosities with the early-B He-S stars onaverage 20 times more radio luminous than the late-B He-W stars and 1000times more luminous than Theta Aurigae. Multifrequency observationsindicate flat spectra in all cases. Four stars have a detectable degreeof circular polarization at one or more frequencies. It is argued thatthe radio-emitting CP (chemically peculiar) stars form a distinct classof radio stars that differs from both the hot star wind sources and theactive late-type stars. The observed properties of radio emission fromthese stars may be understood in terms of optically thickgyrosynchrotron emission from a nonthermal distribution of electronsproduced in a current sheet far from the star. In this model theelectrons travel along magnetic fields to smaller radii and highermagnetic latitudes where they mirror and radiate microwave radiation.

Teff and log g determinations for 25 CP stars from Hβ profiles.
Not Available

Average Profiles and Equivalent Widths of Hydrogen Lines of 76 Normal and Peculiar Stars - Masses and Radii of Studied Stars
Not Available

Catalogue of Hydrogen Line Spectral Profiles of 236 B-Stars A-Stars and F-Stars
Not Available

Fast spectroscopic variability in AP stars. I - HD 11503
Recent spectroscopic observations obtained consecutively in a timegreater than the proposed photometric short period of the Ap star HD11503 indicate that the intensities of some lines vary in the same timespan as the photometric period. In a similar study, it is found that HD11502, which, along with HD 11503, constitutes the binary system ADS1507 (Gamma Ari), does not belong to the Ap class as was previouslysuggested.

The distribution of chromium on three AP stars - Evidence for depleted chromium at the magnetic equator
This study presents Doppler images of the chromium distribution on themagnetic Ap stars Epsilon Ursae Majoris, 45 Herculis, and OmegaHerculis. All images are characterized by the presence of a depletedband and at least one depleted spot. Epsilon Ursae Majoris and OmegaHerculis also exhibit several spots of enhanced chromium lying in a ringof radius 40-50 deg and surround a depleted spot. 45 Herculis shows sucha ring-like feature as well, although there is no depleted spot at itscenter. It is inferred from the shape and location of the depleted bandsand spots that the band marks the location of the magnetic equator andthe depleted spots mark the magnetic poles. Two interpretations for theappearance of a depleted band at the magnetic equator and depleted spotsand the magnetic poles are discussed. The Doppler images point tohorizontal diffusion of chromium in the presence of an almost puredipole field.

Spectroscopy and Geography of Magnetic AP Stars: Implications for Structure
Not Available

Anomalous infrared emitters among A-type stars
Spectroscopic observations of a sample of 26 stars have been analyzed inthe blue and near-IR to find out if anomalous IR emitters (AIEs) have aspectral signature. It is found that many, but not all, such starsexhibit shell characteristics. Analysis of available IRAS photometricobservations of A-type stars shows that the detection of circumstellarfeatures depends strongly on the number of IR bands at which the objectwas observed. Out of the 707 stars observed by IRAS, 41 AIEs, or 5.7percent, are found. Among nonsupergiant AIEs, 23 percent show shellfeatures. The true percentage of AIEs among A-type stars is estimated tobe 1.5 percent in a volume-corrected sample. A list of 24 stars whichwere apparently not previously detected as AIEs is given.

Radio-continuum observations of a small sample of hot stars
Radio-continuum observations (mostly at 6 cm) of 15 stars with spectraltypes between O6 and A5 are presented. These data were obtained as partof several Very Large Array programs. Ten of the observed stars were notdetected as sources and have typical 3-sigma upper limits about 0.2 mJy.The stars that were detected as radio sources include three O stars(sigma Ori AB, S Mon, and HR 8281), a Be star (gamma Cas), and(possibly) a B dwarf star (HD 26676). Evidence that the radio emissionfrom sigma Ori AB and S Mon is probably nonthermal in nature, and weakerevidence that the HR 8281 radio source is also possibly nonthermal, ispresented. The radio observations of all the detected stars, and also ofseveral of the undetected stars for which previous detections have beenclaimed, are discussed in detail.

The catalogue of equivalent line widths in the spectra of A- and F-stars.
Not Available

Micrometer observations of double stars from the Fabra Observatory
The 38-cm refractor at the Fabra Observatory in Spain was used to obtain150 micrometer observations of 61 double stars. In tabular form, eachstar is listed by its WDS number, the letters of its components (ifmultiple), its ADS number, the observation epoch, the observed positionsangle, and the angular distance between the components. For the multipleobservations, in no case did the averaged measurements differ by morethan 3 deg for positions or 0.10 arcsec for angular separations.

Doppler imaging of abundance features on AP stars - The Si II distribution on Gamma2 ARIETIS
It is shown that an improved version of the Doppler imaging techniquewhich incorporates the maximum entropy formalism can be used to obtainaccurate maps of the surface distribution of elements on rapidlyrotating Ap stars strictly from the spectral line variations. Not onlycan the method accurately recover complex spot distributions such asrings, but it also can reconstruct spot distributions with both depletedand enhanced abundance regions in spite of the assumption that theintrinsic line profile for both regions is the same. The technique isapplied to the B9pSiCr star Gamma2 Arieti using the Si II 6347 A line.The resulting reconstruction shows that silicon is depleted near themagnetic poles and that it is enhanced in an incomplete, nonuniformannulus near the negative magnetic pole. This image provides directobservational support for the theory that diffusion is the processresponsible for the abundance variations in Ap stars.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:01h53m31.80s
Apparent magnitude:4.75
Distance:62.657 parsecs
Proper motion RA:0
Proper motion Dec:0
B-T magnitude:4.553
V-T magnitude:4.584

Catalogs and designations:
Proper NamesMesarthim
Gamma2 Arietis   (Edit)
Bayerγβ Ari
Flamsteed5 Ari
HD 1989HD 11502
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 1209-1833-1
BSC 1991HR 546

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