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A high-resolution spectroscopy survey of β Cephei pulsations in bright stars
We present a study of absorption line-profile variations in early-B typenear-main-sequence stars without emission lines. We have surveyed atotal of 171 bright stars using the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOTSA),William Herschel Telescope (ING) and Coudé Auxiliary Telescope(ESO). Our sample contains 75% of all O9.5-B2.5 III-V non-emission-linestars brighter than 5.5 mag. We obtained high signal-to-noise,high-resolution spectra of the SiIII λ4560 triplet - for 125stars of our sample we obtained more than one spectrum - and examinedthese for pulsational-like line-profile variations and/or structure. Weconclude that about half of our sample stars show evidence forline-profile variations (LPV). We find evidence for LPV in about 65% ofour sample stars brighter than V=5.5. For stars with rotationalbroadening V sin i ˜100 km s-1, we find evidence for LPVin about 75% of the cases. We argue that it is likely that these LPV areof pulsational origin, and that hence more than half of thesolar-neighbourhood O9.5-B2.5 III-V stars is pulsating in modes that canbe detected with high-resolution spectroscopy. We detected LPV in 64stars previously unknown to be pulsators, and label these stars as newβ Cep candidates. We conclude that there is no obvious differencein incidence of (pulsational) LPV for early-B type near-main-sequencestars in binaries or in OB associations, with respect to single fieldstars.

Proper motions of open clusters within 1 kpc based on the TYCHO2 Catalogue
We present mean absolute proper motions of 112 open clusters, determinedusing the data from the Tycho2 Catalogue. For 28 clusters, this is thefirst determination of proper motion. The measurements made use of alarge number of stars (usually several tens) for each cluster. The totalnumber of stars studied in the fields of the 164 open clusters is 5016,of which 4006 were considered members. The mean proper motions of theclusters and membership probability of individual stars were obtainedfrom the proper motion data by applying the statistical method proposedby Sanders (\cite{Sanders71}). Based on observations of the ESAHipparcos satellite. Tables 1, 2 and 5 to 117 are only available inelectronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/376/441

On the normal spectral energy distribution of stars: Spectral types O9-B5
The normal energy distributions for fifteen spectral subtypes from O9 toB5 for luminosity classes V, IV, and III are derived. Threephotometrically uniform catalogs served as the source of thespectrophotometric data used. Synthetic color indices for all spectraltypes are calculated using the energy distribution curves obtained.Comparison of these indices with the expected normal color indicessuggests that the energy distributions derived are reliable.

Nova V351 Puppis 1991: a multiwavelength study of the nebular phase
We combine ground-based optical and IUE spectrophotometry to study thephysical conditions in the shell of Nova V351 Puppis 1991. The structureand the evolution of the shell during the early nebular (i.e. opticallythin) phase are discussed in this paper. The reddening, derived fromrecombination lines, is E(B-V)=0.72+/-0.10. The optical/UV light curvesimply a distance of 3.0+/-0.5 kpc. These values are found to beconsistent with a study of the reddening in the stellar field near thenova. Abundances from the emission-line spectra yield enhancementswithin the predictions of thermonuclear runaway models for classicalnovae. Relative to solar by number, they are: He/H=1.7, C/H=3.5,N/H=130, O/H=38, Ne/H=120, Al/Si=28. The shell shows a low ejected mass(M_ej~10^-7 M_solar), implying a high-mass white dwarf. The opticalspectra reveal a strong red excess, which we tentatively attribute tothe red companion. The strength of this continuum suggests that thecompanion is either a giant or an irradiated main-sequence star.

The ROSAT all-sky survey catalogue of optically bright OB-type stars.
For the detailed statistical analysis of the X-ray emission of hot starswe selected all stars of spectral type O and B listed in the Yale BrightStar Catalogue and searched for them in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. Inthis paper we describe the selection and preparation of the data andpresent a compilation of the derived X-ray data for a complete sample ofbright OB stars.

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

The determination of T_eff_ of B, A and F main sequence stars from the continuum between 3200 A and 3600 A.
A method of determination of the effective temperature of B, A and Fmain sequence stars is proposed, using the slope of the continuumbetween 3200A and 3600A. The effective temperature calibration is basedon a sample of stars with energy distributions known from UV to the red.We have determined the Balmer jump and the effective temperatures for235 main sequence stars. The temperatures found have been compared withthose derived by Underhill et al. (1979), Kontizas & Theodossiou(1980), Theodossiou (1985), Morossi & Malagnini (1985). Thecomparison showed good agreement for most of the stars in common. On theother hand, the temperatures derived from the reddening-free colourfactor QUV, from the colour index (m1965-V) and from (B-V), given inGulati et al. (1989), are systematically lower than our temperatures,however the differences are within one-sigma error.

An IUE survey of interstellar H I LY alpha absorption. 1: Column densities
We measure Galactic interstellar neutral hydrogen column densities byanalyzing archival interstellar Ly alpha absorption line data toward 554B2 and hotter stars observed at high resolution with the IUE satellite.This study more than doubles the number of lines of sight with measuresof N(H I) based on Ly alpha. We have included the scattered lightbackground correction algorithm of Bianchi and Bohlin in our datareduction. We use the correlation between the Balmer discontinuity(c1) index and the stellar Ly alpha absorption in order toassess the effects of stellar Ly alpha contamination. Approximately 40%of the B stars with measured (c1) index, exhibit seriousstellar Ly alpha contamination. One table contains the derived values ofthe interstellar N(H I) for 393 stars with at most small amounts ofstellar contamination. Another lists the observed values of total N(H I)for 161 stars with suspected stellar Ly alpha contamination and/oruncertain stellar parameters.

Catalogue of i and w/w crit values for rotating early type stars
Not Available

Determination of omega and IOTA values for rotating BO-B3 stars. I.
Not Available

A catalog of ultraviolet interstellar extinction excesses for 1415 stars
Ultraviolet interstellar extinction excesses are presented for 1415stars with spectral types B7 and earlier. The excesses with respect to Vare derived from Astronomical Netherlands Satellite (ANS) 5-channel UVphotometry at central wavelengths of approximately 1550, 1800, 2500, and3300 A. A measure of the excess extinction in the 2200-A extinction bumpis also given. The data are valuable for investigating the systematicsof peculiar interstellar extinction and for studying the character of UVinterstellar extinction in the general direction of stars for which theextinction-curve shape is unknown.

The local system of early type stars - Spatial extent and kinematics
Published uvby and H-beta photometric data and proper motions arecompiled and analyzed to characterize the structure and kinematics ofthe bright early-type O-A0 stars in the solar vicinity, with a focus onthe Gould belt. The selection and calibration techniques are explained,and the data are presented in extensive tables and graphs and discussedin detail. The Gould belt stars of age less than 20 Myr are shown togive belt inclination 19 deg to the Galactic plane and node-lineorientation in the direction of Galactic rotation, while the symmetricaldistribution about the Galactic plane and kinematic properties (purecircular differential rotation) of the belt stars over 60 Myr oldresemble those of fainter nonbelt stars of all ages. The unresolveddiscrepancy between the expansion observed in the youngest nearby starsand the predictions of simple models of expansion from a point isattributed to the inhomogeneous distribution of interstellar matter.

A photometric study of early-type stars
Observation data in the alpha(16), Lambda(9) photometric system arepresented for 228 early-type O4-B8 stars of all luminosity classes. Alsoincluded are data for Be stars, B-type stars with a shell, and BetaCanis Majoris stars. The comparison with R-alpha and beta indicessuggests that the alpha(16) photometry is of good quality. Thephotometry can be used in separating different kinds of stars; whencombined with the 13-color photometry, it makes possible a finerclassification. The alpha(16) index also provides an indication ofstellar mass-loss rates, especially for supergiant stars. Preliminary HeI (5876 A) measurements suggest that this line is well correlated withMK types. Be stars observed over several years also exhibit H-alphaline-strength variability. It is found that the Lambda(9) indexseparates supergiant stars later than B2.

Equivalent widths of spectral lines in B stars
Previously published equivalent widths of 26 strong spectral linesmeasured at various reciprocal dispersions, ranging from 1 to 75 A/mm,in 172 B stars and 14 A stars are collected and analyzed. The linesconsidered include H-alpha and H-beta; six of He I and one of He II; oneof C III; two of N II and one of N III; two of O II; one of Mg II; twoeach of Si II, Si III, and Si IV; one of Ca II; and three of Fe II. Acomparison of the measurements made at the different reciprocaldispersions reveals that the equivalent width of a given line increasessystematically with decreasing reciprocal dispersion. Only measurementsmade at a reciprocal dispersion of not more than 40 A/mm are used toplot average curves showing equivalent width as a function of spectraltype and luminosity class for all 26 lines. In all but two cases (He Iat 4121 A and Ca II at 4267 A), the behavior of the lines as a functionof temperature and gravity is found to be in accordance withmodel-atmosphere theory.

A classification system for O-B2 stars based on the SI IV and C IV resonance lines
Low-dispersion ultraviolet spectra from Skylab Experiment S-019 are usedto explore the variations of Si IV and C IV line strengths withtemperature and luminosity. These considerations lead to aclassification system in which the Si/C ratio is used to discriminateluminosity among the O stars and temperature among the O9-B2 stars oflower luminosity. Stars falling in these two regimes may bedistinguished either by the presence of C IV emission or on the basis ofC IV absorption strength. The log(Si IV/C IV) vs C IV diagram isproposed as a primary tool in such a classification system. The rapidvariation in the Si IV/C IV ratio from less than 1/10 at O9 to greaterthan 10 at B1.5 for luminosity class III-V stars appears to be anespecially useful criterion for the temperature classification of starsin this spectral range.

Interstellar gas in the GUM Nebula
A survey of the interstellar gas near the Gum Nebula by opticalobservation of 67 stars at Ca II, 42 stars at Na I, and 14 stars in theUV with the Copernicus satellite provided radial velocities and columndensities for all resolved absorption components. Velocity dispersionsfor gas in the Gum Nebula are not significantly larger than in thegeneral interstellar medium; the ionization structure is predominantlythat of an H II region with moderately high ionization. Denser, morehighly ionized clouds are concentrated toward the Gum Nebula; theseclouds do not show the anomalously high ionization observed in the Velaremnant clouds.

Ages and uvbybeta photometry of wide visual binaries. II
Visual magnitudes and color indices b-y, m1, c1 and beta have beenobtained for the members of 39 double or multiple systems containingstars with magnitudes greater than 4m. Relationships between stellarages, spectral types and photometric indices are given from a sample ofabout 3,500 stars. Data is presented with regard to MK spectral types,the separation, and absolute magnitudes; also tabulated are the meanvalues of photometric unreddened indices with their standard deviationfor intervals of 0.2 in log age. From calculations for each binary ofthe relative difference in the ages of the components and the differencein the effective temperatures, an increase in the relative differencesin ages with the differences in temperatures is noted.

The fundamental physical parameters of main-sequence and near main-sequence B type stars as derived from uvby,beta photometry
From spectrophotometric measurements of hydrogen line intensities, uvbyphotometry and photoelectrically determined H-beta and H-gamma indicesof 75 B2-B6 main-sequence stars, effective temperature and surfacegravity are derived by using the model atmospheres computed by Kurucz(1974). Comparisons between the g values and the MK luminosityclassification show good agreement for the MK standard stars but ratherserious disagreement for the average stars in such a way that most ofthe stars classified in luminosity class V really belong to class IV.Using the evolutionary model sequences calculated by Hejlesen et al.(1972) the stellar mass, age and luminosity are determined from the uvbyand beta data through effective temperature and surface gravity. Thetheoretically derived luminosities are in excellent agreement with theluminosities derived by calibrations.

A search for Beta Cephei stars. III - Photometric studies of southern B-type stars
The result of a photometric search for Beta Cephei stars among a groupof 37 southern B-type stars is presented. Beside two new Beta Cepheistars, one eclipsing binary, one helium-weak variable, and ten slowvariables were found.

Space velocities and ages of nearby early-type stars
Photometric distances and space velocities have been calculated for 458B0-A0 stars with apparent magnitudes not exceeding 6.5. UsingStromgren's ubvy-beta photometry the effective temperature and theposition in bolometric magnitude over the zero-age main sequence of thestars were derived. These quantities were used to obtain age and massfor 423 of the stars by interpolation in the models of stellar evolutionfor the chemical composition (X Z) = (0.7, 0.03). A relation forderiving interstellar reddening for normal stars in the intermediategroup is given.

62nd Name-List of Variable Stars
Not Available

Search for Beta Cephei stars south of declination -20 deg. I - Incidence of light variability among early B giants and subgiants: Summer objects
Not Available

A spectral survey of the Southern Milky Way. III - O-B9 and M stars at galactic longitudes 280 to 306 deg
A catalog is presented which is based on objective-prism plates with adispersion of 240 A/mm in H-gamma as well as blue and visual directplates. The catalog contains spectral types, blue magnitudes, positions,and finding charts for about 10,000 O-B9 and M stars as well asemission-line objects to a limiting magnitude of about 12.5 and 15,respectively. The region covered is a 6-deg-wide belt along the galacticequator from 280 to 306 deg longitude.

Structure and age of the local association /Pleiades group/
Intermediate-band indices are used to derive luminosities for some 500early-type stars with well-determined proper motions and radialvelocities. Space motion vectors and galactic coordinates are computedfor the stars considered. It is found that the local association membersare mainly concentrated in the Sco-Cen region in the Southern Hemisphereand the Cas-Tau region in the north.

Absorption line profiles and rotational velocities for 59 stars
Absorption lines of He II, He I, Mg II, and other ions have beenmeasured in coude spectral tracings for 59 slowly and rapidly rotatingsouthern O, B, and A stars on the main sequence. All 668 separate lineprofiles have been analyzed with a procedure of differential correctionsby least squares to yield the following parameters and their errorestimates: half-width, central depth, equivalent width, and shapeparameter. The shape parameter includes Voigt profiles as well as'super-Gaussian' and 'super-damping' profiles. Separately measured lineprofiles in each star have been superimposed to yield better compositeprofiles with smaller errors. A preliminary value of (v sin i) isderived for each line by deconvolving it with both the intrinsic andinstrumental profiles, and a mean value (including error bar) is derivedfor each star. The resulting mean values are only about two-thirds aslarge as previous results presented by Buscombe (1969).

A spectral survey of the southern Milky Way. II. O-B5 stars, l=237 to281.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1975A&AS...21..193N&db_key=AST

Absolute ultraviolet spectrophotometry from the TD1 satellite. II. Observations of B star continua shortward of 2500 angstrom.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1973A&A....29..211V&db_key=AST

New kinematical data for bright southern OB-stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1972A&AS....5..129L&db_key=AST

Four-color and H-beta photometry for bright B-type stars in the southern hemisphere.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1971AJ.....76..621C&db_key=AST

Line strengths for southern OB stars-I, Spectrograms with high dispersion
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1969MNRAS.144....1B&db_key=AST

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:08h13m58.40s
Apparent magnitude:5.08
Distance:361.011 parsecs
Proper motion RA:-7.5
Proper motion Dec:8.3
B-T magnitude:4.82
V-T magnitude:5.032

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
HD 1989HD 69081
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 7133-4552-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0525-07896227
BSC 1991HR 3240
HIPHIP 40321

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