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|Absolute proper motions of open clusters. I. Observational data|
Mean proper motions and parallaxes of 205 open clusters were determinedfrom their member stars found in the Hipparcos Catalogue. 360 clusterswere searched for possible members, excluding nearby clusters withdistances D < 200 pc. Members were selected using ground basedinformation (photometry, radial velocity, proper motion, distance fromthe cluster centre) and information provided by Hipparcos (propermotion, parallax). Altogether 630 certain and 100 possible members werefound. A comparison of the Hipparcos parallaxes with photometricdistances of open clusters shows good agreement. The Hipparcos dataconfirm or reject the membership of several Cepheids in the studiedclusters. Tables 1 and 2 are only available in electronic form at theCDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
|Two-colour photometry for 9473 components of close Hipparcos double and multiple stars|
Using observations obtained with the Tycho instrument of the ESAHipparcos satellite, a two-colour photometry is produced for componentsof more than 7 000 Hipparcos double and multiple stars with angularseparations 0.1 to 2.5 arcsec. We publish 9473 components of 5173systems with separations above 0.3 arcsec. The majority of them did nothave Tycho photometry in the Hipparcos catalogue. The magnitudes arederived in the Tycho B_T and V_T passbands, similar to the Johnsonpassbands. Photometrically resolved components of the binaries withstatistically significant trigonometric parallaxes can be put on an HRdiagram, the majority of them for the first time. Based on observationsmade with the ESA Hipparcos satellite.
|Revision and Calibration of MK Luminosity Classes for Cool Giants by HIPPARCOS Parallaxes|
The Hipparcos parallaxes of cool giants are utilized in two ways in thispaper. First, a plot of reduced parallaxes of stars brighter than 6.5,as a function of spectral type, for the first time separates members ofthe clump from stars in the main giant ridge. A slight modification ofthe MK luminosity standards has been made so that luminosity class IIIbdefines members of the clump, and nearly all of the class III stars fallwithin the main giant ridge. Second, a new calibration of MK luminosityclasses III and IIIb in terms of visual absolute magnitudes has beenmade.
|Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.|
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.
|SANTIAGO 91, a right ascension catalogue of 3387 stars (equinox J2000).|
The positions in right ascension of 3387 stars belonging to the Santiago67 Catalogue, observed with the Repsold Meridian Circle at Cerro Calan,National Astronomical Observatory, during the period 1989 to 1994, aregiven. The average mean square error of a position, for the wholeCatalogue, is +/-0.009 s. The mean epoch of the catalogue is 1991.84.
|On the DDO absolute magnitudes of K giants|
DDO and BV photometry from the open cluster data base of Mermilliod(1988) and recent main sequence based estimates of cluster distances areused in order to check the absolute magnitudes of K giants derived fromDDO photometry. The DDO system is shown to have no zero point error andit is shown that the absolute magnitudes of a sample of K giants byEgret et al. (1985) are systematically too bright by approximately 1magnitude. The results of Robin (1989) for a mean absolute magnitude ofK giants of M(v) = 1.0 rather than that of Egret et al. (1985), whofound M(v) = 0.0, are therefore supported.
|Large and kinematically unbiased samples of G- and K-type stars. II - Observations of evolved stars in the Bright Star sample. III - Evolved young disk stars in the Bright Star sample|
Four color and RI observations were obtained for a large sample ofG-type and K-type stars in the Bright Star Catalogue. Data are firstpresented for 110 evolved stars. Photometry of evolved young diskpopulation stars have then been calibrated for luminosity, reddening,and metallicity on the basis of results for members of the Hyades andSirius superclusters. New DDO results are given for 120 stars.
|The Perkins catalog of revised MK types for the cooler stars|
A catalog is presented listing the spectral types of the G, K, M, and Sstars that have been classified at the Perkins Observatory in therevised MK system. Extensive comparisons have been made to ensureconsistency between the MK spectral types of stars in the Northern andSouthern Hemispheres. Different classification spectrograms have beengradually improved in spite of some inherent limitations. In thecatalog, the full subclasses used are the following: G0, G5, G8, K0, K1,K2, K3, K4, K5, M0, M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M7, and M8. Theirregularities are the price paid for keeping the general scheme of theoriginal Henry Draper classification.
|Carbon isotope ratios and lithium abundances in open cluster giants|
New high-resolution, high S/N spectra of CN lines at 8000 A and Li linesat 6707 A have been obtained for giants in about 20 Galactic openclusters and C-12/C-13 ratios and Li abundances determined for thesestars. The ages of the clusters vary from about 50 million years to 5billion years, and their turn-off masses vary from 1 solar mass to about6 solar masses. The ages and turn-off masses were determined by fittingtheoretical isochrones to the cluster color-magnitude diagrams.Correlation of the isotope ratio and the Li abundances with the clusterturn-off masses indicates the following: (1) the C-12/C-13 ratioincreases steeply with the turn-off mass until a mass of approximately2.2 solar masses when the ratio levels off abruptly to a value near 26;(2) older clusters with turn-off masses lower than about 2.2 solarmasses in general exhibit C-12/C-13 ratios that are considerably lowerthan the theoretically predicted values while those with larger turn-offmasses show ratios close to standard predictions; and (3) no strongcorrelation exists between the Li abundances and the cluster turn-offmass, and the Li abundances in giants are, in general, lower thantheoretically predicted values. Various theories to explain the observedabundance trends are discussed.
|The common origin of some open clusters|
Eight open clusters have been observed with uvby-beta photometry and forseven of them the metal abundances have been determined. Six of thesehave similar metallicities. They are close in space and are also knownto have similar ages and radial velocities. These clusters are suspectedof having a common origin. Some studies are made of the reliability ofthe photometric system. A large gain in limiting magnitude can beachieved against an unimportant loss of accuracy if interference filtersare removed.
|Revised MK Spectral Standard Stars Later than G0|
|Six clusters in Puppis-Vela|
Intermediate band and H-beta observations of stars in the clusters NGC2451, Cr 140, Cr 135, Cr 173, IC 2391, and Cr 132 in Puppis-Vela arediscussed. Photometric and astrometric parameters for the stars areshown and discussed, along with light and color curves, color-luminosityarrays, histograms for reddening and luminosity, and stellardistributions. Cr 132 consists mainly of members of CMa OB2 plus a fewstars that may be an extension of Cr 140. The latter is an elongatedcluster of some 20 stars, 450 pc distant, 30 million years old, and with(U,V,W) = (+27,-6,-16) km/s. Cr 135 has only eight members, including aK2 Ib star, some 30 million years old, 310 pc distant, and (U,V,W) =(+13,-11,-12) km/s. For NGC 2451, extensive photometry reveals nocluster. Cr 173 is in the Vela sheet and may contain Gamma Vel and thecepheid AH Vel. IC 2391 is a very extended cluster including about twodozen stars brighter than the sun, some 30 million years old and 165 pcdistant, with (U,V,W) = (+20,-19,-3) km/s.
|The absolute magnitudes of G5-M3 stars near the giant branch|
The absolute magnitudes of stars on the red giant branch (G-K-M) havebeen determined using both trigonometric and statistical parallaxes,from a sample of 212 stars classified in the Revised MK System (Keenanand Pitts, 1980). The results of both methods are summarized in a table.A good agreement is found and the difference between trigonometric andstatistical parallaxes is found not to be greater than + or - 0.002. Thecomputed absolute magnitudes and space motions are tabulated.
|A spectroscopic and statistical study of Collinder 140|
Results of a spectroscopic and statistical study of 140 stars in a 1.36sq deg area surrounding the extended open cluster Collinder 140 and intwo neighboring fields are presented. Stars were classified in the MKsystem based on prism and slit spectra to a completeness limit of V =14.35 - 0.65 S, where S is a numerical representation of spectral class.A statistically significant H-R diagram of Cr 140 is obtained by thesubtraction of the H-R diagrams of the neighboring field stars, and itis shown that most cluster members are of type B9 or earlier, between A0and A4 with V less than or equal to 10.3 or between F8 and K4 with Vless than 7.2 + 0.65 S, with a well-defined main sequence down to A3 anda significant number of F8 to K4 giants. The H-R diagram, B-V and U-Vcolors and membership properties of the cluster are then used toestimate a distance of 410 + or - 30 pc and an age of 20 + or - 6 Myrfor the cluster. The presence of a significant concentration of yellowgiants in the cluster is pointed out, and proper motion and radialvelocity studies are suggested as a means of confirming the clustermembership of the evolutionarily anomalous group.
|Revised MK spectral types for G, K, and M stars|
A catalog of spectral types of 552 G, K, and M stars is presented, whichis classified on the revised MK system. Stellar representatives of thehalo, disk, and arm populations in all parts of the sky are included.Photoelectric V magnitudes are given, as are intensity estimates of anyfeatures which make the spectrum appear peculiar as compared to thespectrum of a similar normal star. Abundance indices are also providedin the following lines or bands: CN, barium, Fe, calcium, and CH.
|VY Carinae, S Normae, and photometric luminosities for bright giants and supergiants of types G and K|
Observations in the modified Stromgren system of the Cepheids VY Carinaeand S Normae with their associated early-type stars are discussed. Theluminosities of the Cepheids, together with the bright giants R Puppis,HR 2834, HR 4180, and HDE 269953 in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC),are used for calibration of photometric luminosities.
|The open cluster CR 140 revisited.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1978MNRAS.183...49W&db_key=AST
|The nearby open cluster Collinder 140.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1978AJ.....83..278C&db_key=AST
|New Variable Stars Found in Galactic Clusters|
|Evolved stars in open clusters.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976ApJS...30..451H&db_key=AST
|High-luminosity red stars in or near galactic clusters. Paper I|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1974PASP...86..960E&db_key=AST
|Narrow-Band and Broad-Band Photometry of Red Stars. III. Southern Giants|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1970ApJ...161..199E&db_key=AST
|The Open Cluster Cr 140|
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|Proper motion RA:||-20.1|
|Proper motion Dec:||9.8|
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