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High precision determination of the atmospheric parameters and abundances of the COROT main targets
Context: .One of the main goals of the COROT mission is to get precisephotometric observations of selected bright stars in order to allow themodelling of their interior through asteroseismology. However, in orderto interpret the asteroseismological data, the effective temperature,surface gravity, and chemical composition of the stars must be knownwith sufficient accuracy.Aims.To carry out this task, we have developeda spectroscopic method called APASS (Atmospheric Parameters andAbundances from Synthetic Spectra) which allows precise analysis ofstars with a moderate to high rotational velocity, which is the case formost primary COROT targets.Methods.Our method is based on syntheticspectra in which individual lines are replaced by analysis units(isolated lines or line blends, depending on the crowding of thespectral region and on the rotational broadening). It worksdifferentially with respect to the Sun and allows the atmosphericparameters and chemical abundances to be determined by consideringanalysis units with different sensitivities to these variousparameters.Results.Using high signal-to-noise spectra and the APASSmethod, we determined the atmospheric parameters and chemical abundancesof 13 primary COROT targets. Our results agree well with those obtainedby Bruntt using his software VWA and with those obtained with thesoftware TEMPLOGG. However, in both cases, our error bars aresignificantly smaller than those of other methods. Our effectivetemperatures are also in excellent agreement with those obtained withthe IR photometry method. For five stars with relatively low rotationalvelocity, we also performed an analysis with a classicalequivalent-width method to test agreement with APASS results. We showthat equivalent-width measurements by Gaussian or Voigt profile-fittingare sensitive to the rotational broadening, leading to systematic errorswhenever the projected rotation velocity is non-negligible. The APASSmethod appears superior in all cases and should thus be preferred.

Abundance analysis of targets for the COROT/MONS asteroseismology missions. II. Abundance analysis of the COROT main targets
One of the goals of the ground-based support program for the COROT andMONS/RÖMER satellite missions is to characterize suitable targetstars for the part of the missions dedicated to asteroseismology. Wepresent the detailed abundance analysis of nine of the potential COROTmain targets using the semi-automatic software VWA. For two additionalCOROT targets we could not perform the analysis due to the highrotational velocity of these stars. For five stars with low rotationalvelocity we have also performed abundance analysis by a classicalequivalent width method in order to test the reliability of the VWAsoftware. The agreement between the different methods is good. We findthat it is necessary to measure abundances extracted from each linerelative to the abundances found from a spectrum of the Sun in order toremove systematic errors. We have constrained the global atmosphericparameters Teff, log g, and [Fe/H] to within 70-100 K,0.1-0.2 dex, and 0.1 dex for five stars which are slow rotators (v sin i< 15 km s-1). For most of the stars we find good agreementwith the parameters found from line depth ratios, H α lines,Strömgren indices, previous spectroscopic studies, and also log gdetermined from the HIPPARCOS parallaxes. For the fast rotators (v sin i> 60 km s-1) it is not possible to constrain theatmospheric parameters.Based on observations obtained with the 193 cm telescope at Observatoirede Haute Provence, France.

Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin i
This work is the second part of the set of measurements of v sin i forA-type stars, begun by Royer et al. (\cite{Ror_02a}). Spectra of 249 B8to F2-type stars brighter than V=7 have been collected at Observatoirede Haute-Provence (OHP). Fourier transforms of several line profiles inthe range 4200-4600 Å are used to derive v sin i from thefrequency of the first zero. Statistical analysis of the sampleindicates that measurement error mainly depends on v sin i and thisrelative error of the rotational velocity is found to be about 5% onaverage. The systematic shift with respect to standard values fromSlettebak et al. (\cite{Slk_75}), previously found in the first paper,is here confirmed. Comparisons with data from the literature agree withour findings: v sin i values from Slettebak et al. are underestimatedand the relation between both scales follows a linear law ensuremath vsin inew = 1.03 v sin iold+7.7. Finally, thesedata are combined with those from the previous paper (Royer et al.\cite{Ror_02a}), together with the catalogue of Abt & Morrell(\cite{AbtMol95}). The resulting sample includes some 2150 stars withhomogenized rotational velocities. Based on observations made atObservatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS), France. Tables \ref{results} and\ref{merging} are only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/393/897

Multiperiodicities from the Hipparcos epoch photometry and possible pulsation in early A-type stars
A selection criterion based on the relative strength of the largestpeaks in the amplitude spectra, and an information criterion are used incombination to search for multiperiodicities in Hipparcos epochphotometry. The method is applied to all stars which have beenclassified as variable in the Hipparcos catalogue: periodic, unsolvedand microvariables. Results are assessed critically: although there aremany problems arising from aliasing, there are also a number ofinteresting frequency combinations which deserve further investigation.One such result is the possible occurrence of multiple periods of theorder of a day in a few early A-type stars. The Hipparcos catalogue alsocontains a number of these stars with single periodicities: such starswith no obvious variability classifications are listed, and informationabout their properties (e.g., radial velocity variations) discussed.These stars may constitute a new class of pulsators.

A revised catalogue of delta Sct stars
An extensive and up-dated list of delta Sct stars is presented here.More than 500 papers, published during the last few years, have beenrevised and 341 new variables have been added to our last list, sixyears ago. This catalogue is intended to be a comprehensive review onthe observational characteristics of all the delta Sct stars known untilnow, including stars contained in earlier catalogues together with othernew discovered variables, covering information published until January2000. In summary, 636 variables, 1149 references and 182 individualnotes are presented in this new list. Tables 1 and 2 will be accessibleonly in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

The eclipsing binary V578 Mon in the Rosette nebula: age and distance to NGC 2244 using Fourier disentangled component spectra
V578 Mon is a member of the young stellar cluster NGC 2244 which isembedded in the Rosette nebula. It is a double-lined binary, consistingof two early-B type components which eclipse each other partially duringtheir 2.40848-day orbit. A novel technique of Fourier disentangling isapplied to disentangle the spectrum of the binary into the spectra ofits components, allowing a direct spectroscopic temperaturedetermination for each component. Together with an analysis of the lightcurve, the spectral disentangling process allows us to derive theorbital and fundamental stellar parameters. The hotter star (T_eff = 30000 K) has a mass of 14.5 Msun and a radius of 5.2 Rsun. The cooler one (T_eff = 26 400 K) has a mass of 10.3 Msun and a radius of 4.3 Rsun . Both stars are well insidetheir critical Roche lobe and move in an eccentric orbit (e=0.087) whichhas a semi-major axis of 22 Rsun and is seen at aninclination of 72.6degr . The rotation of both stars is synchronizedwith the orbital motion. The systemic velocity of 34.9 km s-1,confirms that the binary belongs to NGC 2244. The age of the binary,and hence of NGC 2244, is (2.3±0.2) 106 years. Fromthe fundamental stellar parameters and the interstellar absorption, thedistance to the cluster is derived to be 1.39 ±0.1 kpc, i.e.slightly lower than that found from photometric studies. Its age andspace velocity indicate that NGC 2244 is formed in the galactic plane.The high accuracy obtained (e.g. probable errors of 0.5% for the masses,1m -1.5% for the radii, despite the lack of total eclipses,and 1.5% for the temperatures) is a direct consequence of the spectraldisentangling technique, which as a by-product delivers very accurateradial velocities for all orbital phases. Based on observations obtainedat the European Southern Observatory (ESO), La Silla, Chile Table 5 isonly available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to130.79.128.5 or at http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr

Fundamental properties of the open cluster NGC 2355
NGC 2355 is an old open cluster in the outer part of the galactic disk(l=203fdg4 , b=+11fdg8 ) which has been little studied until now. Thispaper presents the first astrometric and spectroscopic investigation ofthis cluster. We have measured precise absolute proper motions from oldCarte du Ciel plates, POSS-I plates and recent CCD observations obtainedwith the Bordeaux meridian circle. The proper motion data reveal 38highly probable cluster members down to Blim = 15 mag within7' of the cluster center. We have also obtained ELODIE high resolutionspectra for 24 stars. Seventeen of them are confirmed to be members ofthe cluster on the basis of radial velocity. Eight of them are fastrotating turnoff stars for which the projected rotational velocity hasbeen determined. The spectroscopic observations have also providedestimates of the physical parameters Teff, log g, {[Fe/H]},MV of the 24 target stars. Two stragglers have beenidentified in the cluster. Combining our astrometric and spectroscopicresults with previous UBV photometry and recent JHK_s photometry fromthe 2MASS survey we have derived the fundamental properties of thecluster: metallicity, age, distance, size, spatial velocity and orbit.Based on observations made on the 193cm telescope at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory, France, and on plate digitisation at the Centre d'Analysedes Images, Paris. This publication makes use of data products from theTwo Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University ofMassachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, funded bythe National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the NationalScience Foundation.

Excitation and visibility of high-degree modes in stars
Observational evidence for excitation of non-radial modes in stars isconfronted with the results of linear stability surveys for stellarmodels. We consider various types of pulsators on the upper mainsequence as well as stars in the Cepheid strip. Our stability surveycovers the whole range of spherical harmonic degrees, l, whereinstability is found. There is fair agreement between the theoreticalinstability strip and the location of ζ Oph stars, but the observedand calculated periods do not agree in some stars. We suggest thateither pulsation is not responsible for the ζ Oph phenomenon orelse there are serious errors in mode identification in these cases. Wedo not find instability at long periods for early B-type stars,supporting the idea that pulsation is not responsible for the periodicvariations in Be stars. The agreement between the observed andcalculated periods of high-degree modes in δ Sct stars is not verysatisfactory. This is attributed to problems in mode identification. Wediscuss unstable modes of high degree in Cepheid models as a possiblemechanism for the low-amplitude radial velocities seen in some starswithin the instability strip. We find, however, that the observedperiods are at least a factor of 2 longer than the calculated periods.Finally, we discuss the possibility of observing modes of high degreephotometrically. We suggest that a large number of high-degree modes maybecome detectable by future space-borne photometric missions. Theconfusion arising from these modes may greatly reduce the value of suchobservations for asteroseismology. However, they will be very importantin studying the mechanism of mode selection.

On the frequency and amplitude variations of the delta Scuti star CD-24 7599 (=XX Pyx)
We present 132 h of new time-series photometric observations of thedelta Scuti star CD-24 7599 acquired during 86 nights from 1993 to 1996to study its frequency and amplitude variations. By using all publishedobservations we demonstrate that the three dominating pulsation modes ofthe star can change their photometric amplitudes within one month atcertain times, while the amplitudes can remain constant within themeasurement errors at other times. CD-24 7599 also exhibits frequencyvariations, which do not show any correspondence between the differentmodes. The typical time-scale for the amplitude variations is found tobe several hundred days, which is of the same order of magnitude as theinverse linear growth rates of a selected model. We find no evidence forperiodic amplitude modulation of two of the investigated modes (f_2 andf_3), but f_1 may exhibit periodic modulation. The latter result couldbe spurious and requires confirmation. The observed frequency variationsmay either be continuous or reflect sudden frequency jumps. No evidencefor cyclical period changes is obtained. We exclude precession of thepulsation axis and oblique pulsation for the amplitude variations.Beating of closely spaced frequencies cannot explain the amplitudemodulations of two of the modes, while it is possible for the third.Evolutionary effects, binarity, magnetic field changes or avoidedcrossings cannot be made responsible for the observed period changes.Only resonance between different modes may be able to explain theobservations. However, at this stage a quantitative comparison is notpossible. More observations, especially data leading to a definite modeidentification and further measurements of the temporal behaviour of theamplitudes and frequencies of CD-24 7599, are required.

Amplitude variations of the multimode nonradial δ Scuti pulsator 4 CVn
New photoelectric photometry of the δ Scuti variable 4 CVn revealslong-term slow variations of multimode pulsational frequencies and theiramplitudes. We have confirmed 5(f1, f2,f3, f5, f7) of the 7 frequenciesidentified in the literature. Besides presenting the long-termvariations of the different amplitudes, we have found three newsuspected frequencies in the new data. Although Blazhko effect and moderesonance along with its coupling between different nonradial modesthrough interaction can be reasonably used to explain the observedchanges of periods and amplitudes, it should be carefully checked andanalyzed before RR Lyr-like light curve shape and new pulsation modescan be established with certainty.

Amplitude variations of the multimode nonradial delta Scuti pulsator 4 CVn.
Not Available

Spectroscopic survey of delta Scuti stars. I. Rotation velocities and effective temperatures
Projected rotational velocities and effective temperatures for 68 deltaSct stars as well as 41 non-variable stars of similar spectral type andluminosity are presented here. The rotational velocities have beencalculated following the method developed in \cite[Gray (1992)]{ref38}and effective temperatures have been derived using the Balmer lineprofiles. The temperatures obtained from this method are shown to be inreasonable agreement with those calculated using the Infrared FluxMethod (IRFM) or spectrophotometric methods. This result has allowed usto use our temperatures to compare different uvby beta photometriccalibrations. We find that the calibration given by \cite[Moon \&Dworetsky (1985)]{ref72} is the most consistent. In the second part ofthis paper we have studied the relation between the pulsationalproperties (periods and amplitudes) and the physical parameters (v sin iand Teff). Where pulsation modes have been determined, thelow amplitude $\delta$ Scutis tend to be multimode (radial andnon-radial) pulsators, consistent with the theory that non-linearcoupling between modes acts to limit the amplitude in these stars. Wehave compared the distribution of v sin i for low amplitude $\delta$Scutis and non-variable stars. This shows the $\delta$ Scutis have abroader distribution in v sin i suggesting that a high rotation velocitymay favour pulsation. We find that the large amplitude delta Scuti starstend to have longer periods, cooler temperatures and lower rotationvelocities. Given that the large amplitude stars are also relativelyrare all the above are consistent with the hypothesis that these starsare more evolved (sub-giants) than the low amplitude delta Scutis (mainsequence or early post-main sequence).

Luminosity and related parameters of δ Scuti stars from HIPPARCOS parallaxes. General properties of luminosity.
The absolute magnitudes of δ Scuti stars derived from parallaxesmeasured by the Hipparcos astrometric satellite are discussed andcompared with the previous estimates based on photometric uvbyβindices. There are significant differences which are related tophotometric effects of metallicity and rotational velocity, but thepossible effect of a close companion on the measured apparent magnitudeshould be also taken into account. The possibility of differentgroupings of δ Scuti stars based on the absolute magnitudes isbriefly discussed. Some high amplitude δ Scuti stars withintermediate or normal metallicity and small and uncertain parallax haveapparently a very low luminosity; this could be a systematic effectrelated to the observational errors.

The Line-Profile Variations of Theta2 Tauri
With a 5.4-hour time series of high-resolution CFHT spectra, theoscillations of the rapidly-rotating delta Scuti star Theta2 Tauri (A7IV + A5 V) are investigated. Line-profile variations are discovered andidentified with the spectrum of the primary star of this binary system.Radial velocity variations are derived from the data and analyzed toreveal an oscillation frequency near 13.7 cycles day^-1. Variationswithin the absorption profiles are analyzed with a Fourier-DopplerImaging (FDI) technique to reveal that high-degree oscillations with afrequency of 16.1 cycles day ^-1 and an apparent degree of about l = 8are also present in the star. Whereas the low-degree variations ofTheta2 Tau have been shown to be consistent with p-modes of radial ordern=2 or 3, the identification of the high-degree variations in terms ofpressure modes requires confirmation with theoretical models. (SECTION:Stars)

The photoelectric astrolabe catalogue of Yunnan Observatory (YPAC).
The positions of 53 FK5, 70 FK5 Extension and 486 GC stars are given forthe equator and equinox J2000.0 and for the mean observation epoch ofeach star. They are determined with the photoelectric astrolabe ofYunnan Observatory. The internal mean errors in right ascension anddeclination are +/- 0.046" and +/- 0.059", respectively. The meanobservation epoch is 1989.51.

Main Sequence Variables
The pulsators along and near the main sequence are well-suited forasteroseismology and provide a probe of the stellar interior and itschanges with evolution. With the exception of rapidly oscillating Apstars (roAp), the pulsation periods range from 0.5 h to days. Thisrequires multisite campaigns lasting several weeks. The delta Scuti,roAp and beta Cephei variables offer the greatest potential, while thelonger-period g-mode pulsators (SPB -- slowly pulsating B stars -- andgamma Doradus variables) are very difficult to study. A summary of themultiperiod structure of delta Scuti stars is given. The twobest-studied stars, FG Vir and CD--24(deg) 7599, both have been WETtargets. A preliminary analysis of the 1995 campaign of FG Vir hasalready detected 19 frequencies. The standard photometric WET techniquehas a high duty cycle since the variable star is observed continuouslywith one channel. The study of main sequence variables requiresphotometric stability at low frequencies. The extension of the WETtechnique to low frequencies and its modification are discussed.

The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJS...99..135A&db_key=AST

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

A catalogue of variable stars in the lower instability strip.
Identifications, positions, photometry, spectra, some pulsationalfeatures, other astrophysical parameters and literature for 302pulsating variable stars in the lower instability strip, near the ZAMS,are given. About 185 stars have near homogeneous photometric informationin the Stroemgren's uvby-β photometric system. Thiscatalogue/database covers information published until November 1993.

Not Available

δ Scuti stars: a new revised list
An extensive and up to date list of δ Sct stars is presented. Thiscatalogue is intended to be a comprehensive review of observationalcharacteristics of all the δ Sct stars known until now, includingstars contained in earlier catalogues together with other new discoveredvariables, covering information published until November 1993. Globalinformation in the form of histograms and diagrams are also shown.

Secondary UVBY standards in the Harvard E-regions
Photoelectric uvby photometry for 201 stars which are already UBV (RI)cstandards is presented. The photoelectric data are closely tied to theCousins uvby standards and the stars should be suitable for use asfainter (7-11 mag) secondary standards.

d Scuti Variables: Detection of High-degree Modes by Time Series Analysis
Not Available

Short-period variability in Be stars
A highly significant correlation is found between the projectedrotational velocities and the photometric periods of Be stars. It isshown that this correlation may be readily understood if the photometricperiod is equated with the rotational period. If the nonradial pulsationhypothesis (NRP) is correct, g-modes with radial order exceeding 50 mustbe involved. According to current NRP theory, these results indicatethat the Be stars rotate like solid bodies. On the basis of some recentobservations which show that considerable magnetic activity is presentand a particular episode in the Be star Kappa CMa, it is suggested thatNRP is unlikely to be the cause of low-order periodic variations in Bestars. A model of rotational modulation caused by active areas isproposed.

Empirical P-L-C relation for Delta Scuti stars - A catalogue
An extensive and up-to-date list of 192 Delta Scuti stars is presented.Empirical period - luminosity - color (P-L-C) relations are obtained forthe four lowest modes corresponding to radial pulsations. Agreement withpredicted values indicates that, in general, both Stroemgren photometriccalibration and pulsation theory work well for these stars.

A catalog of bright UVBY beta standard stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1987PASP...99.1184P&db_key=AST

Quasi-160-minute oscillation period of Delta Scuti stars
The resonance power spectrum (or commensurability spectrum) computed for217 Delta Scuti stars indicates that the dominant (most commensurate)period for the total set of oscillation periods of these stars is 162.2+ or - 2.8 min. Within the error limits, this period coincidesapproximately with the 160-min period of global oscillations of the sun.

Nonradial Oscillations in δ Scuti Stars
Not Available

Discovery of high-degree nonradial oscillations in rapidly rotating Delta Scuti stars?
Time-resolved spectral series covering a single photometric period inthe region of 4500 A was obtained for four rapidly rotating Delta Scutistars. In all four cases, the line profiles show the unmistakablesignature of traveling subfeatures. On the simplifying assumption thatthe subfeatures are periodic and can be ascribed to a nonradial,spherical harmonic motion with l = absolute value of m, and that stellarrotation dominates the acceleration, values of the absolute value of m =8, 14, 16, and 16 are calculated for 21 Mon, Kappa-2 Boo, v UMa, andOmicron-1 Eri, respectively.

Population I pulsating stars. III - Period-Evolutionary mass(-colour) relations
Evolutionary masses of Population I pulsating stars (89 Delta Scutivariables and 155 classical Cepheids are investigated in Iben's andPaczynski's systems of tracks. The evolutionary masses are larger in thelatter system than in the former. The uncertainty of the evolutionarymass of a star is estimated, when various evolutionary phases arepossible for this star (a smaller evolutionary mass corresponds to alater phase). Semi-empirical period-evolutionary mass-color (P-Me-C) andperiod-evolutionary mass (P-Me) relations are derived for various modes,groups of stars, color indices (and effective temperature), andevolutionary phases. For Delta Scuti stars, the uncertainty ofevolutionary masses calculated from the P-Me relations for differentmodes, is estimated. The improvement of the evolutionary mass accuracyis estimated, when a P-Me-C relation is used instead of thecorresponding P-Me relation. The theoretical and semi-empirical periodratios of radial pulsations derived from the P-Me relations for DeltaScuti stars, are compared. There is relatively good agreement betweenthe P-Me relations for the two types of Population I pulsating stars,but a 'gap' exists between them.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:07h11m23.60s
Apparent magnitude:5.45
Distance:80.064 parsecs
Proper motion RA:-27.3
Proper motion Dec:-9.9
B-T magnitude:5.776
V-T magnitude:5.464

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
Flamsteed21 Mon
HD 1989HD 55057
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 4815-3815-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0825-04180482
BSC 1991HR 2707
HIPHIP 34724

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