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# ζβ Lyr (Nasr al Waki ath Thani)

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 CHARM2: An updated Catalog of High Angular Resolution MeasurementsWe present an update of the Catalog of High Angular ResolutionMeasurements (CHARM, Richichi & Percheron \cite{CHARM}, A&A,386, 492), which includes results available until July 2004. CHARM2 is acompilation of direct measurements by high angular resolution methods,as well as indirect estimates of stellar diameters. Its main goal is toprovide a reference list of sources which can be used for calibrationand verification observations with long-baseline optical and near-IRinterferometers. Single and binary stars are included, as are complexobjects from circumstellar shells to extragalactic sources. The presentupdate provides an increase of almost a factor of two over the previousedition. Additionally, it includes several corrections and improvements,as well as a cross-check with the valuable public release observationsof the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI). A total of 8231entries for 3238 unique sources are now present in CHARM2. Thisrepresents an increase of a factor of 3.4 and 2.0, respectively, overthe contents of the previous version of CHARM.The catalog is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/431/773 Phase-referenced Stellar Interferometry at the Palomar Testbed InterferometerWe discuss implementation and testing of phase referencing at thePalomar Testbed Interferometer. A new instrument configuration providesa coherent integration of 10 or 20 ms on a bright star while stabilizingthe fringe phase of a nearby (20") and faint visual companion, allowingcoherent integration times of at least 250 ms. Observations have beenmade of several visual binaries, including 16 Cyg AB (mK=4.5and mK=4.6) and HD 173648/49 (mK=4.3 andmK~5) to test the performance of the technique. Thesemeasurements also demonstrate that phase-referenced visibilitymeasurements can be calibrated at the level of 3%-7%. Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin iThis work is the second part of the set of measurements of v sin i forA-type stars, begun by Royer et al. (\cite{Ror_02a}). Spectra of 249 B8to F2-type stars brighter than V=7 have been collected at Observatoirede Haute-Provence (OHP). Fourier transforms of several line profiles inthe range 4200-4600 Å are used to derive v sin i from thefrequency of the first zero. Statistical analysis of the sampleindicates that measurement error mainly depends on v sin i and thisrelative error of the rotational velocity is found to be about 5% onaverage. The systematic shift with respect to standard values fromSlettebak et al. (\cite{Slk_75}), previously found in the first paper,is here confirmed. Comparisons with data from the literature agree withour findings: v sin i values from Slettebak et al. are underestimatedand the relation between both scales follows a linear law ensuremath vsin inew = 1.03 v sin iold+7.7. Finally, thesedata are combined with those from the previous paper (Royer et al.\cite{Ror_02a}), together with the catalogue of Abt & Morrell(\cite{AbtMol95}). The resulting sample includes some 2150 stars withhomogenized rotational velocities. Based on observations made atObservatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS), France. Tables \ref{results} and\ref{merging} are only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.125.5) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/393/897 The Physical Basis of Luminosity Classification in the Late A-, F-, and Early G-Type Stars. I. Precise Spectral Types for 372 StarsThis is the first in a series of two papers that address the problem ofthe physical nature of luminosity classification in the late A-, F-, andearly G-type stars. In this paper, we present precise spectralclassifications of 372 stars on the MK system. For those stars in theset with Strömgren uvbyβ photometry, we derive reddenings andpresent a calibration of MK temperature types in terms of the intrinsicStrömgren (b-y)0 index. We also examine the relationshipbetween the luminosity class and the Strömgren c1 index,which measures the Balmer jump. The second paper will address thederivation of the physical parameters of these stars, and therelationships between these physical parameters and the luminosityclass. Stars classified in this paper include one new λ Bootisstar and 10 of the F- and G-type dwarfs with recently discoveredplanets. The long-period companions of multiple stars tend to have moderate eccentricitiesWe examined the statistics of an angle gamma between the radius vectorof a visual companion of a multiple star and the vector of its apparentrelative motion in the system. Its distribution f(gamma ) is related tothe orbital eccentricity distribution in the investigated sample. Wefound that for the wide physical subsystems of the 174 objects from theMultiple Star Catalogue f(gamma ) is bell-shaped. The Monte-Carlosimulations have shown that our f(gamma ) corresponds to the populationof the moderate-eccentricity orbits and is not compatible with thelinear distribution f(e)=2e which follows from stellar dynamics andseems to hold for wide binaries. This points to the absence of highlyelongated orbits among the outer subsystems of multiple stars. Theconstraint of dynamical stability of triple systems is not sufficient toexplain the rounded-off'' outer orbits; instead, we speculate that itcan result from the angular momentum exchange in multiple systems duringtheir early evolution. The ROSAT all-sky survey catalogue of optically bright main-sequence stars and subgiant starsWe present X-ray data for all main-sequence and subgiant stars ofspectral types A, F, G, and K and luminosity classes IV and V listed inthe Bright Star Catalogue that have been detected as X-ray sources inthe ROSAT all-sky survey; several stars without luminosity class arealso included. The catalogue contains 980 entries yielding an averagedetection rate of 32 percent. In addition to count rates, sourcedetection parameters, hardness ratios, and X-ray fluxes we also listX-ray luminosities derived from Hipparcos parallaxes. The catalogue isalso available in electronic form via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html On the Determination of Empirical Stellar Flux ScalesSeveral studies have appeared in the literature describing methods forderiving stellar continuum fluxes as simple functions of Johnson colorindices. In previous papers, we have used similar relations to derive CaII H and K line core fluxes for dwarf stars on Lowell Observatory'sSolar-Stellar Spectrograph (SSS) program. Our desire is to present ourdata, and complementary data from the Mt. Wilson and National SolarObservatory stellar and solar programs, in terms of physical fluxes.However, our existing relations break down for mid-K and later stars andfor giant stars, which form an important element of our target list. Inthis work I have used a broader range of spectrophotometry and angulardiamters than in our previous work to derive empirical flux scales forspectral types A to early M, luminosity classes I to V, and for fourcolor indices, Johnson B-V, V-R, R-I, and Stromgren b-y. In this paper,I describe the methods I used and present the desired flux scales. Icompare the results with those from earlier studies and present examplesof the use of the flux scales. The data and results are available on theWorld Wide Web. (SECTION: Stars) The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type StarsAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJS...99..135A&db_key=AST Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with. Search for wide binaries in the Yale Bright Star CatalogueA specific scheme for identifying wide binary candidates in the YaleBright Star Catalogue is presented. The choice of criteria for selectingcandidates is discussed, and the final criteria are used to compile apreliminary list of candidates which is presented and discussed. Thestatistics of the candidate list are characterized, and the list is usedto compute upper bounds on the wide binary density using a simpletheoretical model. ICCD speckle observations of binary stars. I - A survey for duplicity among the bright starsA survey of a sample of 672 stars from the Yale Bright Star Catalog(Hoffleit, 1982) has been carried out using speckle interferometry onthe 3.6-cm Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope in order to establish thebinary star frequency within the sample. This effort was motivated bythe need for a more observationally determined basis for predicting thefrequency of failure of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) fine-guidancesensors to achieve guide-star lock due to duplicity. This survey of 426dwarfs and 246 evolved stars yielded measurements of 52 newly discoveredbinaries and 60 previously known binary systems. It is shown that thefrequency of close visual binaries in the separation range 0.04-0.25arcsec is 11 percent, or nearly 3.5 times that previously known. The nature of the visual companions of AP and AM starsThe stars in 43 visual multiples with Ap or Am primaries have beenclassified, and the fraction of systems that have Ap or Am secondariesis counted. The numbers of Ap secondaries are too few to be informative,but an apparent excess of Am secondaries is found. That result isunderstandable in terms of the (published) moderate correlation inrotational velocities between components in visual multiples. But invarious open clusters, the variations in frequencies of Ap and Am starscan be explained probably as statistical fluctuations in small numbersof stars, indicating no tendency for abnormal stars to group togetherfor dimensions larger than those of visual multiples. Visual Double Stars for the AmateurNot Available The photometric constancy of Maia / = 20 Tauri/ and related starsAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1978PASP...90..703P&db_key=AST UVBY Bet study of A-and F-type visual binaries. II.Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1978AJ.....83.1646M&db_key=AST Photographic astrometry against a bright sky - Theory and applicationTheoretical, experimental, and statistical arguments are given todemonstrate that daytime astrometry can be a viable technique in somecircumstances. In particular, a scheme is outlined for a daytimeobservation of the gravitational deflection of light by the sun.Detailed examination of the photographic astrometry approach shows thatthe accuracy expected from a single plate exposed to a star field aboutthe sun is expressible in terms of the uncertainties with which thepositions of the images are determined. An experimental determination isperformed, yielding the astrometric positional accuracy as a function ofthe magnitude of the star, the brightness of the background, and thesensitivity of the measurement process. This result is extrapolated tothe light-deflection configuration by using measurements of skybrightness as a function of observer altitude and the angular separationof the observed region of sky from the sun. Application to star fieldsalong the ecliptic indicates an expected accuracy of 1% to be attainablefrom 85 to 200 plates. Absolute luminosity calibration of F starsLuminosity calibrations are performed for a restricted sample of 706F-type field stars of all luminosity classes and a similarly restrictedsample of 251 main-sequence F stars. The samples are restricted withrespect to values of photometric and metallicity indices, propermotions, radial velocities, and apparent magnitudes. Both linear andsecond-order relations between absolute magnitude and the photometricindices beta, /c1/ or (b-y), /c1/ are considered.These relations are calibrated by the statistical parallax method basedon the principle of maximum likelihood. The possible effect ofinterstellar absorption on the calibration results is investigated alongwith an effect of a photometric correction to the absolute magnitudes.The results obtained are compared with those of Crawford (1975) as wellas with the trigonometric parallaxes. The coefficients of thecalibration relations are derived from the trigonometric parallaxes, andpoor agreement is indicated. It is concluded that the trigonometricparallaxes must be used very carefully and only for nearby stars. UVBY beta study of A-and F-type visual binaries. I.Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976AJ.....81..107M&db_key=AST Multiple Star Systems and X-Ray SourcesAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1974ApJ...189L..17B&db_key=AST Statistical analysis of the uvby-beta catalogue.Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1974A&AS...15..209L&db_key=AST Absolute spectral energy distributions of common stellar types.Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1973AJ.....78.1074O&db_key=AST Über die Veränderlichkeit der Sterne des Spektraltyps ANot Available K-Line Photometry of Southern a StarsAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1971ApJS...23..421H&db_key=AST K-Line Photometry of a StarsAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1969ApJS...18...47H&db_key=AST Twelve-color stellar photometryAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1969AJ.....74..177W&db_key=AST Analyse d'étoiles à raies métalliques. II. Composition chimique de ζ Lyr A. Spectre infrarouge proche de cinq étoiles AmNot Available UBV photometry of 550 F, G and K type starsAbstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1966MNRAS.133..475A&db_key=AST Etude Spectrophotometrique de quelques Etoiles a Raies Metalliques et Determination de la Composition Chimique de l'une d'elles, 63 TauriNot Available Recherches sur les Proprietes des Etoiles Doubles ou Multiples Largement Separees EN Relation avec les Problemes d'Evolution. Tabl. IXNot Available Recherches sur les Proprietes des Etoiles Doubles ou Multiples Largement Separees EN Relation avec les Problemes d'EvolutionNot Available
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#### Observation and Astrometry data

 Constellation: Lyra Right ascension: 18h44m48.20s Declination: +37Â°35'40.0" Apparent magnitude: 5.73 Distance: 46.041 parsecs Proper motion RA: 19.7 Proper motion Dec: 21.3 B-T magnitude: 5.932 V-T magnitude: 5.621

Catalogs and designations:
 Proper Names Nasr al Waki ath Thani Nasr al Waki II   (Edit) Bayer ζβ Lyr Flamsteed 7 Lyr HD 1989 HD 173649 TYCHO-2 2000 TYC 3118-2081-1 USNO-A2.0 USNO-A2 1275-10310425 BSC 1991 HR 7057 HIP HIP 91973 → Request more catalogs and designations from VizieR