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13 And (V388 And)



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uvby FCAPT Photometry of the Magnetic Chemically Peculiar Stars 36 Aurigae, HR 2722, 13 Andromedae, and HD 220147
Differential Strömgren uvby observations obtained with the FourCollege Automated Photoelectric Telescope (FCAPT) are presented for themagnetic chemically peculiar (mCP) stars 36 Aur, HR 2722, 13 And, and HD220147. The new data help to better define the light curves. The periodfor 36 Aur was found to be 14.368 days, close to that for the previousstudy with FCAPT data. The period for HR 2722 is unchanged, at 2.31523days. Comparisons between Hipparcos and FCAPT photometry were used torefine the periods individually derived by each source to 1.47931 daysfor 13 And and to 10.983 days for HD 220147.

Rotational Velocities of B Stars
We measured the projected rotational velocities of 1092 northern B starslisted in the Bright Star Catalogue (BSC) and calibrated them againstthe 1975 Slettebak et al. system. We found that the published values ofB dwarfs in the BSC average 27% higher than those standards. Only 0.3%of the stars have rotational velocities in excess of two-thirds of thebreakup velocities, and the mean velocity is only 25% of breakup,implying that impending breakup is not a significant factor in reducingrotational velocities. For the B8-B9.5 III-V stars the bimodaldistribution in V can be explained by a set of slowly rotating Ap starsand a set of rapidly rotating normal stars. For the B0-B5 III-V starsthat include very few peculiar stars, the distributions in V are notbimodal. Are the low rotational velocities of B stars due to theoccurrence of frequent low-mass companions, planets, or disks? Therotational velocities of giants originating from late B dwarfs areconsistent with their conservation of angular momentum in shells.However, we are puzzled by why the giants that originate from the earlyB dwarfs, despite having 3 times greater radii, have nearly the samerotational velocities. We find that all B-type primaries in binarieswith periods less than 2.4 days have synchronized rotational and orbitalmotions; those with periods between 2.4 and 5.0 days are rotating withina factor 2 of synchronization or are ``nearly synchronized.'' Thecorresponding period ranges for A-type stars are 4.9 and 10.5 days, ortwice as large. We found that the rotational velocities of the primariesare synchronized earlier than their orbits are circularized. The maximumorbital period for circularized B binaries is 1.5 days and for Abinaries is 2.5 days. For stars of various ages from 107.5 to1010.2 yr the maximum circularized periods are a smoothexponential function of age.

On the Variability of Late B III-V Stars
We investigate the Hipparcos Satellite photometry of luminosity classIII-V B6-B9 stars. Most are relatively non-variable. Candidates forwhich further study is desirable are identified.

The 74th Special Name-list of Variable Stars
We present the Name-list introducing GCVS names for 3153 variable starsdiscovered by the Hipparcos mission.

A Second Catalog of Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 Filter Photometry: Ultraviolet Photometry of 614 Stars
Ultraviolet photometry from the Wisconsin Experiment Package on theOrbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 (OAO 2) is presented for 614 stars.Previously unpublished magnitudes from 12 filter bandpasses withwavelengths ranging from 1330 to 4250 Å have been placed on thewhite dwarf model atmosphere absolute flux scale. The fluxes wereconverted to magnitudes using V=0 for F(V)=3.46x10^-9 ergs cm^-2 s^-1Å^-1, or m_lambda=-2.5logF_lambda-21.15. This second catalogeffectively doubles the amount of OAO 2 photometry available in theliterature and includes many objects too bright to be observed withmodern space observatories.

New variable chemically peculiar stars identified in the HIPPARCOS archive
Since variability of chemically peculiar (CP) stars plays an importantrole for the astrophysical explanation of their outstanding behaviour,we have identified new variable CP stars listed in Renson's catalogueusing the extensive Hipparcos Variability Annex. From the 293 objectsfound, 33 were excluded because they are no CP stars and/or have noperiod listed, half of the remaining stars are newly identified and halfhad been already included in the catalogue of variable CP stars by\cite[Catalano & Renson (1997).]{Ca} Most of the newly identifiedvariability is due to an apparent magnetic field coupled with stellarrotation (oblique rotator model). The constraints of this model arefulfilled for all but three CP2 stars. Variations of bona fide Am-Fmstars are exclusively explained by eclipses of binary systems.Furthermore eight candidates of the >~mma Doradus group (pulsatingAm-Fm stars) were detected. Based on data from the ESA Hipparcosastrometry satellite. Table 1 is also available in electronic form atthe CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( orvia\break http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

On the HIPPARCOS photometry of chemically peculiar B, A, and F stars
The Hipparcos photometry of the Chemically Peculiar main sequence B, A,and F stars is examined for variability. Some non-magnetic CP stars,Mercury-Manganese and metallic-line stars, which according to canonicalwisdom should not be variable, may be variable and are identified forfurther study. Some potentially important magnetic CP stars are noted.Tables 1, 2, and 3 are available only in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

The ROSAT all-sky survey catalogue of optically bright OB-type stars.
For the detailed statistical analysis of the X-ray emission of hot starswe selected all stars of spectral type O and B listed in the Yale BrightStar Catalogue and searched for them in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. Inthis paper we describe the selection and preparation of the data andpresent a compilation of the derived X-ray data for a complete sample ofbright OB stars.

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

The correction in right ascension of 508 stars determinated with PMO photoelectric transit instrument.
Not Available

Third preliminary catalogue of stars observed with the photoelectric astrolabe of the Beijing Astronomical Observatory.
Not Available

Addendum à la table d'erreurs de désignations d'étoiles Ap ou Am
Not Available

Addendum à la table d'erreurs de désignations d'étoiles Ap ou Am
Not Available

Starbursts, binary stars, and blue stragglers in local superclusters and groups. I - The very young disk and young disk populations
The distributions in the HR diagram with theoretical time-constant locifor stars in several young clusters and superclusters are compared todemonstrate that 'blue stragglers' in these aggregates are mostfrequently simply single massive (mode B) stars formed in bursts of starformation that occur at discrete intervals in time following theformation of the bulk of the low-mass (mode A) stars in the aggregate.The characteristics of the close binary systems in these aggregates areexamined to show that, in several cases, mass transfer by Roche lobeoverflow has or will occur and that, in some instances, the system wouldhave appeared as a blue straggler prior to the mass-transfer event, and,in other instances, mass transfer will lead to the identification of thesystem as a blue straggler. Thus, it is concluded that the bluestraggler phenomenon has at least two distinct physical origins: it mayoriginate from delayed formation (starbursts) or from 'delayedevolution' in some close binaries (mass transfer from an evolvedprimary).

The abundance of Gallium in B-type chemically peculiar stars
Quantitative analyses of the Ga abundances in 27 Hg-Mn stars, 11 Si(magnetic) stars, eight He-weak stars, and seven normal stars are madewith the resonance lines of Ga II at 1414 A and Ga III at 1495 A inInternational Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) spectra. The Ga overabundancesare confirmed as a genuine anomaly in many peculiar stars. Only upperlimits of the Ga abundance can be obtained for some stars. However,these upper limits are much lower than those inferred from visualspectra. Among the 27 Hg-Mn stars, 17 stars are distributed in a rangeof 2.0-3.8 dex of overabundances of Ga. Ten other stars show upperlimits of less than 2.1 dex. Fifteen of the 20 hotter Hg-Mn stars, withTeff greater than 11,000 K, show high overabundances in a narrow rangeof 2.6-3.8 dex, while among seven cooler Hg-Mn stars, only the star HR7775 shows the same overabundance as in the hotter 15 stars. Of 11 Sistars, nine stars have Ga overabundances ranging from 1.9 to 3.2 dex.Gallium is overabundant in five out of eight He-weak stars in the rangeof 1.7-3.2 dex, while in the three other stars the upper limits are lessthan 1.3 dex. The Ga abundances in normal stars are all upper limitswhich roughly correspond to the solar value.

The position of ET And in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
The interstellar lines of Ca II (K) and Na I (D) are the main means usedto estimate the distance of the Ap star ET And to derive its position inthe HRD, because the classical methods for the determination of M areaffected by some restrictions. By these means the star lies distinctlyabove the main sequence. The post-main sequence evolutionary stagesuggests to assume that pulsations are the reason for the observedshort-time spectroscopic and photometric variations. Possibly, the1.61-day period is also caused by pulsations.

An UV survey of the galactic plane
The present paper is the introduction to a systematic analysis of 123six-degree fields near the galactic plane, recorded in the mediumultraviolet by the balloon-borne experiment SCAP 2000. The availabledata are presented and the general properties of the images are brieflydiscussed. It is shown that the high selectivity of the UV passbandregarding spectral type, together with the strong interstellarextinction at that wavelength, provide the necessary conditions for anefficient application of Wolf's method to study the distribution ofinterstellar matter in the solar neighbourhood. The results of a fastanalysis of the available data are presented here.

The local system of early type stars - Spatial extent and kinematics
Published uvby and H-beta photometric data and proper motions arecompiled and analyzed to characterize the structure and kinematics ofthe bright early-type O-A0 stars in the solar vicinity, with a focus onthe Gould belt. The selection and calibration techniques are explained,and the data are presented in extensive tables and graphs and discussedin detail. The Gould belt stars of age less than 20 Myr are shown togive belt inclination 19 deg to the Galactic plane and node-lineorientation in the direction of Galactic rotation, while the symmetricaldistribution about the Galactic plane and kinematic properties (purecircular differential rotation) of the belt stars over 60 Myr oldresemble those of fainter nonbelt stars of all ages. The unresolveddiscrepancy between the expansion observed in the youngest nearby starsand the predictions of simple models of expansion from a point isattributed to the inhomogeneous distribution of interstellar matter.

The A0 stars
A photometric grid, standardized on MK spectral standards, has been usedto compare spectral types and luminosity classes obtainedphotometrically with those in two extensive spectral surveys coveringthe entire sky. Major discrepancies include the spectroscopicclassification of B9.5, which may indicate an otherwise unrecognizedspectral peculiarity, a different A0/A1 spectral type boundary in thetwo samples involved, the well-known misclassification of weak heliumstars, and an appreciable percentage of stars which are called dwarfsspectroscopically but are of higher photometric luminosity. The spacemotion vectors of these stars for which radial velocities are available,and excluding the minimum of 25 percent that are spectroscopic binarieswithout orbital elements, show structure in their distribution in the(U, V)-plane, with members of the Local Association and the Hyades andSirius superclusters forming obvious concentrations. The members of theLocal Association in the samples are mainly old (more than 200 millionyears) mode A stars, although a few much younger stars are included. Themembers of the Hyades and Sirius superclusters contain many bluestragglers, including several peculiar stars of the Hg, Mn, and Sivarieties.

Radial velocities of northern Mercury stars
About 200 radial velocities of 96 bright northern Hg-Mn or candidateHg-Mn stars are presented. Past and present data have been reexaminedfor periodic variability in cases that were neither previously known tobe binaries with well determined orbits nor were considered to haveconstant velocity. One definite new orbit was found (that of HR 3361)and several possible orbital solutions are given.

The resonance lines of aluminum in IUE spectra of B-type chemically peculiar stars
The resonance lines of aluminum in IUE spectra of 22 Hg-Mn stars, fiveSi-type (magnetic) stars, seven helium-weak stars, and seven normalstars are analyzed. The Al II resonance line at 1670.79 A and the Al IIIline at 1862.79 A are used to determine the Al Abundances. The Alabundances in normal stars are found to be nearly normal except forAlpha Lyr, in which Al is underabundant by 0.8 dex. The Al II line inthe five coolest Hg-Mn stars is slightly weaker than in normal B9 stars.The Al lines are definitely weak in the other 17 Hg-Mn stars, and Al isapparently underabundant by 1.2 dex on average. The Hg-Mn star Kappa Cncshows the weakest Al lines among observed Bp stars, and Al is about 2.0dex underabundant in this star. No clear dependence of the Al abundanceon the effective temperature is found for Hg-Mn stars except for thefive coolest stars. Al is underabundant by about 1.0 dex in Si-typestars and in He-weak stars, except for the hot Si-type star HD 34452, inwhich Al is nearly normal. Observed abundances of Al in Bp stars do notconfirm the suggestion of the diffusion theory that Al may beoverabundant.

A catalogue and bibliography of Mn-Hg stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1981A&AS...44..137S&db_key=AST

The absolute magnitude of the Hg-Mn stars
The absolute magnitude of the Hg-Mn stars has been determined usingstatistical, photometric, spectroscopic, and cluster parallaxes. Theresults of all four procedures are in excellent agreement and give anaverage absolute magnitude of 0.6m plus or minus 0.4m, which locatesthese objects above the main sequence, in agreement with spectroscopicresults.

Surface gravity of Mn-Hg stars.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1979PASJ...31..473T&db_key=AST

Late B-type stars - Rotation and the incidence of HgMn stars
High-dispersion spectrograms for an unbiased sample of 256 late B-typestars are examined in an attempt to determine whether slow rotation isnecessary and sufficient for the appearance of HgMn anomalies innonmagnetic stars. The peculiar stars in the sample are identified,values of v sin i are derived for all the stars observed, and theradial-velocity variations of the identified HgMn stars are analyzed.The distribution of rotational velocities for late B-type stars isobtained, and the role of rotation in producing extended envelopes isevaluated. The binary frequency and mass-ratio distribution are derivedfor systems containing HgMn components, the effect of duplicity on thedistribution of rotational velocities is estimated, and the role of suchfactors as rotation, age, and binary characteristics in determiningwhether HgMn anomalies are present is investigated. The results clearlyshow that HgMn stars occur only within a limited temperature range, thatall such stars rotate slowly, but that rotation, effective temperature,age, surface gravity, and binary properties do not serve to determinewhether a star will exhibit abundance anomalies.

The manganese stars
Ultraviolet spectrograms of 194 middle and late B-type stars wereobtained in a search for Mn stars. The 24 Mn stars found in this searchlay within the limited temperature range from 0.33 to 0.48. Theirobserved rate of incidence and rotational velocity distributionsubstantiate the hypothesis that the Mn stars constitute a considerablefraction of the slowly rotating stars in this temperature range. If theatmospheres of these stars are sufficiently stable for diffusionprocesses to be effective, then it also becomes possible to account forthe temperature range in which the Mn overabundance occurs.

Four-color and H beta photometry for the bright B8 and B9 type stars north of declination -10 degre.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1973AJ.....78..738C&db_key=AST

Stellar kinematics and evolution
Not Available

Absolute Emission Line Intensities of Planetary Nebulae. II.
Not Available

U, b, v, and Hβ Photometry for the Bright B8- and B9-TYPE Stars.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1963ApJ...137..530C&db_key=AST

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:23h27m07.40s
Apparent magnitude:5.75
Distance:90.171 parsecs
Proper motion RA:88.9
Proper motion Dec:18
B-T magnitude:5.729
V-T magnitude:5.734

Catalogs and designations:
Proper NamesV388 And
V388 Andromedae   (Edit)
Flamsteed13 And
HD 1989HD 220885
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 3238-1934-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 1275-18408828
BSC 1991HR 8913
HIPHIP 115755

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