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|Lithium abundances for early F stars: new observational constraints for the Li dilution|
Aims.To investigate any correlation between Li abundances and rotationalvelocities among F-G evolved stars, we study a large sample of early Fstars from the Bright Star Catalogue (BSC), most of them classified inthe literature as giant stars.Methods.Physical parameters and Liabundances are estimated for each star, often for the first time, bycomparing observed and synthetic spectra. We analyse the position of thestars in the H-R Diagram based on Hipparcos data using stellarevolutionary tracks and we discuss their Li abundances and projectedrotational velocities.Results.Observed stars are mostly on theturnoff, with masses between 1.5 and 2.0 Mȯ. The starswith measured A(Li) abundance show high Li content, most of them withabundance near the cosmic value. The A(Li) versus V sin i diagram showsthe same trend as reported in previous studies: fast rotators (V sinigse 30 km s-1) are also stars with high Li content, whereasslow rotators present a wide range of values of A(Li), ranging from nodetected Li to the cosmic value.
|uvby FCAPT photometry of the mCP stars HD 32633, θ Aur, 49 Cam, and 3 Hya|
Differential Strömgren uvby observations from the Four CollegeAutomated Photoelectric Telescope are presented for the magneticChemically Peculiar (mCP) stars HD 32633, θ Aur, 49 Cam, and 3Hya. We find for over 30 years, these four stars with stable opticalregion light curves have had constant periods of 6.4300, 3.61868,4.28679, and 11.305 days, respectively.
|Candidate Pre-Main-Sequence F Stars with Circumstellar Dust Identified Using Combined 2MASS and uvby Data|
We propose a method that uses near-infrared plus uvby photometry toidentify potentially extensive circumstellar dusty environments around Fand A stars. The method has been applied to a sample of ~900 metal-richreddened F stars with 2 Micron All Sky Survey and uvby data, suggestingthe presence of circumstellar dust emitting in the near-infrared for ~70stars. The logTe-MV diagram suggests that most, ifnot all, are likely pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars. They seem to be acontinuation of the class of Herbig Ae/Be PMS stars in the spectral typeF. Their number drops sharply downward of logTe~3.84(spectral types later than ~F5), which may provide new clues to the PMSevolution of 1-2 Msolar stars. We present a list of 21 of themost conspicuous candidate stars with circumstellar dust. About half ofthem are associated with the extended star-forming region around ρOphiuchi. The brightest of these 21 stars, with V<~7.5, turn out tobe IRAS sources, suggesting the presence of heated dust emitting in thefar-infrared. Also in this list, HD 81270 is reported as a very unusualstar moving away from the Galactic plane at a projected speed of 70 kms-1.
|Photometry from the HIPPARCOS Catalogue: Constant MCP Stars, Comparison and Check Stars|
Photometry from the Hipparcos catalogue is used to verify the constancyof four magnetic CP stars, as well as the comparison and the check starsused for variability studies of normal and chemically peculiar B and Astars with the Four College Automated Photoelectric Telescope;variability in these stars can produce spurious results. A few of thecomparison stars are found to be variable and should be replaced forfuture differential photometric studies.
|UVBY photometry of the chemically peculiar stars AR Aurigae, 3 Hydrae, 49 Cancri, and BX Bootis|
Differential Stromgren uvby photometric observations from the FourCollege Automated Photoelectric Telescope are presented for fourChemically Peculiar stars of the upper main sequence: the HgMn starbinary AR Aurigae and the magnetic stars 3 Hydrae, 49 Cancri, and BXBootis. AR Aurigae shows little variability except during the primaryand secondary eclipses. The 11.305 day period of Maitzen et al. for 3Hya is confirmed. A new period of 7.0501 days is found for 49 Cancriwhile a slightly refined period of 2.88756 days is derived for BX Boo.Tables 2-5 will be available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymousftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
|The Gronbech-Olsen photometry: Transformations to a Hyades-Coma system|
In this paper, we consider the zero points of six sets of Stromgren-betaphotometry. The color-index system to which our results are referred isa 'Hyades-Coma' system composed of photometry by Crawford and Perry(1966) and Crawford and Barnes (1969). For V magnitudes, we usemeasurements by Taylor and Joner (1992). Our results are as follows. (1)The zero points of photometry by Gronbech and Olsen (1976, 1977) areoffset from those of the Hyades-Coma system. The offsets can amount toseveral mmag; they appear for V and all color indices except beta, anddepend on right ascension and (usually) declination. (2) These offsetscan be applied to photometry by Stetson (1991), who reduced his resultsto the Gronbech-Olsen system. After correction, Stetson's results for aset of 'transfer stars' differ from comparable data published byCrawford and Barnes (1970). (3) A direct comparison of the transferstars to the Hyades yields consistency between the Hyades-Coma andCrawford-Barnes zero points (for the transfer stars specifically). Thisresult supports a conclusion drawn by Taylor and Joner, and suggeststhat here is some problem with the zero points of Stetson'stransfer-star data. (4) From Stetson's corrected data, one finds thatthe Crawford-Perry zero points for the Hyades are consistent with theCrawford-Barnes zero points for Coma. This result agrees with aconclusion drawn by Taylor and Joner from their own data, and suggeststhat the problem postulated for Stetson's transfer-star data does notextend to his results for the Hyades and Coma.
|Ca II H and K Filter Photometry on the UVBY System. II. The Catalog of Observations|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995AJ....109.2828T&db_key=AST
|Ca II H and K filter photometry on the UVBY system. I - The standard system|
A fifth filter (fwhm = 90 A) centered on Ca II H and K has beendeveloped for use with the standard uvby system. The filter, called Ca,is designed primarily for applications to metal-poor dwarfs and redgiants, regions where the uvby metallicity index, m(l), loses somesensitivity. An index, hk, is defined by replacing v in m(l) by Ca. Theeffects of interstellar extinction on the index are modeled anddemonstrated to be modest and relatively insensitive to spectral type.Observations of V, (b-y), and hk for 163 primary standards are detailedand transformed to the standard V and (b-y) system. A qualitativeanalysis using only the primary standards indicates that hk is moresensitive than m(l) over the regions of interest by about a factor of 3.
|Cepheids and nonvariable supergiants|
Photometric parameters for Cepheids in a previous paper are adapted foruse with nonvariable supergiants of similar temperature. The closecorrelation between the abundance and luminosity parameters forclassical, short-period Cepheids (SPC) confirms the nearlydispersionless luminosity temperature relation for these variables. Theassumptions that (1) the C-type variables are transiting the Cepheidtemperature for the first time, (2) the classical SPC are mostlytransiting for the second time, and (3) the long-period Cepheids (LPC)are a mixture of stars transiting for the first to third or fourth timesare found to be consistent with the various correlations of temperatureand luminosity parameters. The nonvariable supergiants with photometricparameters similar to those for the Cepheids are found to haveluminosities consistent with their spectroscopic luminosity class. Few,if any, nonvariable supergiants have temperatures and luminositiessimilar to the LPC.
|Spectral classification of the bright F stars.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976PASP...88...95C&db_key=AST
|Study of the F-type 1 MK spectral types.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1975AJ.....80..637M&db_key=AST
|Variability of A and F main sequence stars.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1971A&A....12..223J&db_key=AST
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