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Milgrom Relation Models for Spiral Galaxies from Two-dimensional Velocity Maps
Using two-dimensional velocity maps and I-band photometry, we havecreated mass models of 40 spiral galaxies using the Milgrom relation(the basis of modified Newtonian dynamics) to complement previous work.A Bayesian technique is employed to compare several different darkmatter halo models to Milgrom and Newtonian models. Pseudo-isothermaldark matter halos provide the best statistical fits to the data in amajority of cases, while the Milgrom relation generally provides goodfits as well. We also find that Milgrom models give mass-to-light ratiosthat roughly correlate with galaxy color, as predicted by stellarpopulation models. A subsample of galaxies in the Hydra cluster followsa tight relation between mass-to-light ratio and color, but one that issignificantly different from relations found in previous studies. Rulingout the Milgrom relation with rotational kinematics is difficult due tosystematic uncertainties in the observations, as well as underlyingmodel assumptions. We discuss in detail two galaxies for which theMilgrom relation appears to fail and find that relaxing the assumptionof constant stellar mass-to-light ratio can maintain Milgrom models'viability.

Kinematics of the Local Universe. XIII. 21-cm line measurements of 452 galaxies with the Nançay radiotelescope, JHK Tully-Fisher relation, and preliminary maps of the peculiar velocity field
Aims.This paper presents 452 new 21-cm neutral hydrogen linemeasurements carried out with the FORT receiver of the meridian transitNançay radiotelescope (NRT) in the period April 2003-March 2005. Methods: This observational programme is part of a larger projectaiming at an exhaustive and magnitude-complete HI extragalacticcatalogue for Tully-Fisher applications (the so-called KLUN project, forKinematics of the Local Universe studies, to end in 2008). The wholeon-line HI archive of the NRT today contains reduced HI-profiles for4500 spiral galaxies of declination δ > -40°(http://klun.obs-nancay.fr). Results: As an example of thisapplication, we used the direct Tully-Fisher relation in three (JHK)bands in deriving distances to a large catalogue of 3126 spiral galaxiesdistributed through the whole sky and sampling the radial velocity rangewell between 0 and 8000 km s-1. Thanks to an iterative methodaccounting for selection bias and smoothing effects, we show a detailedand original map of the velocity field in the Local Universe as apreliminary output.Data Tables [see full text], [see full text], and [see full text]and HI-profiles (Fig. [see full text]) are only available inelectronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr( or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/465/71

The vc-σc relation in low-mass and low surface brightness galaxies
We present an updated investigation of the relation between large-scaledisc circular velocity, vc, and bulge velocity dispersion,σc. New bulge velocity dispersions are measured for asample of 11 low surface brightness (LSB) and seven high surfacebrightness (HSB) spiral galaxies for which vc is known frompublished optical or HI rotation curves. We find that, while LSBgalaxies appear to define the upper envelope of the region occupied byHSB galaxies (having relatively larger vc for any givenσc), the distinction between LSB and HSB galaxies inthe vc-σc plane becomes less pronounced forσc <~ 80 km s-1. We conclude that eitherthe scatter of the vc-σc relation is afunction of vc (and hence galaxy mass) or the character ofthe vc-σc relation changes at vc~ 80 km s-1. Some implications of our findings are discussed.

A Digital Archive of H I 21 Centimeter Line Spectra of Optically Targeted Galaxies
We present a homogeneous compilation of H I spectral parametersextracted from global 21 cm line spectra for some 9000 galaxies in thelocal universe (heliocentric velocity-200

Mass Models for Spiral Galaxies from Two-dimensional Velocity Maps
We model the mass distributions of 40 high surface brightness spiralgalaxies inside their optical radii, deriving parameters of mass modelsby matching the predicted velocities to observed velocity maps. We useconstant mass-to-light disk and bulge models, and we have tried fitswith no halo and with three different halo density profiles. The datarequire a halo in most, but not all, cases, while in others the best fitoccurs with negligible mass in the luminous component, which we regardas unphysical. All three adopted halo profiles lead to fits of about thesame quality, and our data therefore do not constrain the functionalform of the halo profile. The halo parameters display large degeneraciesfor two of the three adopted halo functions, but the separate luminousand dark masses are better constrained. However, the fitted disk andhalo masses vary substantially between the adopted halo models,indicating that even high-quality two-dimensional optical velocity mapsdo not provide significant constraints on the dark matter content of agalaxy. We demonstrate that data from long-slit observations are likelyto provide still weaker constraints. We conclude that additionalinformation is needed in order to constrain the separate disk and halomasses in a galaxy.

Maximum Disk Mass Models for Spiral Galaxies
We present axisymmetric maximum disk mass models for a sample of 74spiral galaxies taken from the southern sky Fabry-Perot Tully-Fishersurvey by Schommer et al. The sample contains galaxies spanning a largerange of morphologies and having rotation widths from 180 km s-1 to 680 km s -1. For each galaxy we have an I-bandimage and a two-dimensional Hα velocity field. We decompose thedisk and bulge by fitting models directly to the I-band image. Thismethod utilizes both the distinct surface brightness profiles and shapesof the projected disk and bulge in the galaxy images. The luminosityprofiles and rotation curves are derived using consistent centers,position angles, and inclinations derived from the photometry andvelocity maps. The distribution of mass is modeled as a sum of disk andbulge components with distinct, constant mass-to-light ratios. No darkmatter halo is included in the fits. The models reproduce the overallstructure of the rotation curves in the majority of galaxies, providinggood fits to galaxies that exhibit pronounced structural differences intheir surface brightness profiles. Of galaxies for which the rotationcurve is measured to R23.5 or beyond 75% are well fitted by amass-traces-light model for the entire region within R23.5.The models for about 20% of the galaxies do not fit well; the failure ofmost of these models is traced directly to nonaxisymmetric structures,primarily bars but also strong spiral arms. The median I-band M/L of thedisk plus bulge is 2.4+/-0.9 h75 in solar units, consistentwith normal stellar populations. These results require either that themass of dark matter within the optical disk of spiral galaxies is smallor that its distribution is very precisely coupled to the distributionof luminous matter.

Box- and peanut-shaped bulges. I. Statistics
We present a classification for bulges of a complete sample of ~ 1350edge-on disk galaxies derived from the RC3 (Third Reference Catalogue ofBright Galaxies, de Vaucouleurs et al. \cite{rc3}). A visualclassification of the bulges using the Digitized Sky Survey (DSS) inthree types of b/p bulges or as an elliptical type is presented andsupported by CCD images. NIR observations reveal that dust extinctiondoes almost not influence the shape of bulges. There is no substantialdifference between the shape of bulges in the optical and in the NIR.Our analysis reveals that 45% of all bulges are box- and peanut-shaped(b/p). The frequency of b/p bulges for all morphological types from S0to Sd is > 40%. In particular, this is for the first time that such alarge frequency of b/p bulges is reported for galaxies as late as Sd.The fraction of the observed b/p bulges is large enough to explain theb/p bulges by bars. Partly based on observations collected at ESO/LaSilla (Chile), DSAZ/Calar Alto (Spain), and Lowell Observatory/Flagstaff(AZ/U.S.A.). Tables 6 and 7 are only available in electronic form at CDSvia anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

Kinematics of the local universe. VII. New 21-cm line measurements of 2112 galaxies
This paper presents 2112 new 21-cm neutral hydrogen line measurementscarried out with the meridian transit Nan\c cay radiotelescope. Amongthese data we give also 213 new radial velocities which complement thoselisted in three previous papers of this series. These new measurements,together with the HI data collected in LEDA, put to 6 700 the number ofgalaxies with 21-cm line width, radial velocity, and apparent diameterin the so-called KLUN sample. Figure 5 and Appendices A and B forcorresponding comments are available in electronic form at thehttp://www.edpsciences.com

Total magnitude, radius, colour indices, colour gradients and photometric type of galaxies
We present a catalogue of aperture photometry of galaxies, in UBVRI,assembled from three different origins: (i) an update of the catalogueof Buta et al. (1995) (ii) published photometric profiles and (iii)aperture photometry performed on CCD images. We explored different setsof growth curves to fit these data: (i) The Sersic law, (ii) The net ofgrowth curves used for the preparation of the RC3 and (iii) A linearinterpolation between the de Vaucouleurs (r(1/4) ) and exponential laws.Finally we adopted the latter solution. Fitting these growth curves, wederive (1) the total magnitude, (2) the effective radius, (3) the colourindices and (4) gradients and (5) the photometric type of 5169 galaxies.The photometric type is defined to statistically match the revisedmorphologic type and parametrizes the shape of the growth curve. It iscoded from -9, for very concentrated galaxies, to +10, for diffusegalaxies. Based in part on observations collected at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory.

A catalogue of spatially resolved kinematics of galaxies: Bibliography
We present a catalogue of galaxies for which spatially resolved data ontheir internal kinematics have been published; there is no a priorirestriction regarding their morphological type. The catalogue lists thereferences to the articles where the data are published, as well as acoded description of these data: observed emission or absorption lines,velocity or velocity dispersion, radial profile or 2D field, positionangle. Tables 1, 2, and 3 are proposed in electronic form only, and areavailable from the CDS, via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (to130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

Optical Rotation Curves and Linewidths for Tully-Fisher Applications
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1997AJ....114.2402C&db_key=AST

Parameters of 2447 Southern Spiral Galaxies for Use in the Tully-Fisher Relation
I-band luminosities, rotational velocities, and redshifts of 1092 spiralgalaxies have been measured by CCD photometry and Hα spectroscopyusing the 1 m and 2.3 m telescopes at Siding Spring Observatory,respectively. The results are tabulated. Luminosity profiles andHα rotation curves are given for the galaxies. When these resultsare combined with similar data for 1355 spiral galaxies publishedpreviously (Mathewson, Ford, & Buchhorn, hereafter Paper I), itprovides a large, uniform, and unique data set with which to measure,via the Tully-Fisher relation, the peculiar velocities of galaxies inthe local universe to a distance of 11,000 km s^-1^ (Mathewson &Ford). Taking advantage of the opportunity for publishing this data inmachine-readable form, in the CD-ROM, we have also included similar datafor the 1355 galaxies in Paper I.

Rotation Curves of 967 Spiral Galaxies
We present the rotation curves of 967 southern spiral galaxies, obtainedby deprojecting and folding the raw Hα data originally publishedby Mathewson, Ford, & Buchhorn (1992). For 900 objects, we alsopresent, in figures and tables, the rotation curves smoothed on scalescorresponding to 5%-20% of the optical size; of these, 80 meet objectiveexcellence criteria and are suitable for individual detailed massmodeling, while 820, individually less compelling mainly because of themoderate statistics and/or limited extension, are suitable forstatistical studies. The remaining 67 curves suffer from severeasymmetries, small statistics, and large internal scatter that maylargely limit their use in galaxy structure studies. The deprojectedfolded curves, the smoothed curves, and various related quantities areavailable via anonymous ftp at galileo.sissa.it in the directory/users/ftp/pub/psrot.

The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.

Observational Data for the Kinematics of the Local Universe - Part Two - Second Set of Radial Velocity Measurements
This paper is the second one in a series dedicated to the study of thekinematics of the local universe. It gives 361 new optical and radioredshifts measured at ESO, OHP and Nancay Observatories.

A southern sky survey of the peculiar velocities of 1355 spiral galaxies
The paper presents data from photometric and spectroscopic observationsof 1355 southern spiral galaxies and uses them to determine theirdistances and peculiar velocities via the Tully-Fisher (TF) relation.I-band CCD surface photometry was carried out using the 1-m and 3.9-mtelescopes at Siding Spring Observatory. H-alpha rotation curves for 965galaxies and 551 H I profiles are presented. The physical parameters,photometric and velocity data, distances, and peculiar velocities of thegalaxies are presented in tabular form. The mean distance, systemicvelocity, and average peculiar velocity of 24 clusters in the sample aregiven. TF diagrams are presented for each cluster.

The surface photometry catalogue of the ESO-Uppsala galaxies
Not Available

Southern Galaxy Catalogue.
Not Available

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