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Optical spectroscopy of galaxies in the direction of the Virgo cluster
Optical spectroscopy of 76 galaxies, 48 of which are projected in thedirection of the Virgo cluster and 28 onto the Coma-A1367 supercluster,is reported. Adding these new measurements to those found in theliterature, the redshift completeness in the Virgo region becomes 92% atB_T<=16.0 and 68% at B_T<=18.0. The one of CGCG galaxies in thedirection of the Coma-A1367 supercluster becomes 98%. The Virgo clustermembership estimates obtained on morphological grounds by Binggeli etal. (\cite{Binggeli}) are confirmed in all cases. However, several``possible members" classified as BCD (if in the cluster) are foundinstead to be giant emission-line galaxies in the background of theVirgo cluster Based on observations obtained with the Loiano telescopebelonging to the University of Bologna, Italy, with the OHP, operated bythe French CNRS and with the G. Haro telescope of the INAOE, Mexico.

H I observations of galaxies in the Virgo and Coma clusters
A total of 44 galaxies in the direction of the Virgo and Coma/Abell 1367Clusters have been observed in the H I line at Nançay, 17 ofwhich were clearly detected. These observations were obtained in orderto complete the H I database for a large, optically selected, sample ofgalaxies in these two regions. Surveys in these regions at otherwavelengths (UV, visible, near-, mid- and far-infrared, radio continuum)have been recently completed or are still underway.

An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.

Optical identifications of the IRAS faint sources in the Virgo cluster area.
This paper presents a study on the deep optical identifications of 369IRAS faint sources in a 102 square degree area centered on the Virgocluster. We obtained the positions and magnitudes of candidates fromfour UK Schmidt Telescope IIIa-J direct plates. 89 (24%) are identifiedas stars and 276 (75%) as galaxies. There are 4 (1%) empty fields to theplate limit of B=~22. The infrared-optical database for 193 FSC-onlysources is given. Most of the IRAS galaxy sources are spirals. There are83 IRAS galaxy sources being regarded as the cluster members by Binggeliet al. (1985). In our sample, a correlation between the luminosity ratioL_IR_/L_B_ and the infrared flux ratio F(100μm)/F(60μm) isevident. For the member galaxies, a weak correlation between L_IR_/L_B_and L_IR_ is also found.

Vacuum ultraviolet imagery of the Virgo Cluster region. II - Total far-ultraviolet flux of galaxies
The total flux in the far-ultraviolet region around 150 nm was measuredfor more than 40 galaxies in the central region of the Virgo Cluster,using two imaging telescopes on board a sounding rocket. The observedfar-ultraviolet flux shows positive correlations with the H I 21 cm fluxand the far-infrared flux for spiral galaxies, and with the X-ray fluxand the radio continuum flux for elliptical galaxies. The formercorrelations of spiral galaxies are interpreted in terms of starformation activity, which indicates substantial depletion in the Virgogalaxies in accordance with the H I stripping. The latter correlationsof elliptical galaxies indicate possible far-ultraviolet sources ofyoung population, in addition to evolved hot stars. Far-ultravioletfluxes from two dwarf elliptical galaxies were obtained tentatively,indicating star formation activity in elliptical galaxies. Ahigh-resolution UV imagery by HST would be effective to distinguish theyoung population and the old population in elliptical galaxies.

Spectrophotometrical study of the blue compact dwarf galaxies in the Virgo cluster.
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IRAS observations of galaxies in the Virgo cluster area
IRAS data on 196 galaxies in the area of the Virgo Cluster arepresented. The data derive from combining all available surveyobservations for each object and therefore achieve greater sensitivitythan the IRAS Point Source Catalog (PSC). The enhanced sensitivityallows 78 galaxies to be detected at 12 microns, 82 at 25 microns, 139at 60 microns, and 135 at 100 microns, compared to 16, 23, 88, and 95detections listed in the PSC. From the blue compact dwarf galaxy sample,23 and 19 objects are detected at 60 and 100 microns, compared to threeand two detections listed in the PSC. The emission in three close pairsof galaxies which are reported as single sources in the PSC areseparated here. These statistics demonstrate the importance andpotential of a detailed examination of IRAS data, especially forpossibly resolved sources and, in particular, for galaxies out toredshifts of 0.008 or galaxies with D(25) of 3 arcmin or greater.

H I detection survey of a complete magnitude-limited sample of dwarf irregular galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area
New single-beam Arecibo H I observations of 298 late-type galaxies inthe Virgo Cluster drawn mostly from the new catalog of Binggeli,Sandage, and Tammann (1985) are presented. Two hundred seventeen ofthese constitute a magnitude-limited 'complete sample' of such galaxies,types Sdm through Im and BCD. Sixty-one percent of this 'completesample' was detected, greatly enhancing the store of redshifts and H Imasses for such galaxies in the Virgo Cluster. For detected galaxies,heliocentric velocities, 50 percent profile widths, and single-beamfluxes are presented. For those that escaped detection, upper limits arecomputed to the flux appropriate to the redshift range (-600 to +3000km/s).

Studies of the Virgo Cluster. II - A catalog of 2096 galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area.
The present catalog of 2096 galaxies within an area of about 140 sq degapproximately centered on the Virgo cluster should be an essentiallycomplete listing of all certain and possible cluster members,independent of morphological type. Cluster membership is essentiallydecided by galaxy morphology; for giants and the rare class of highsurface brightness dwarfs, membership rests on velocity data. While 1277of the catalog entries are considered members of the Virgo cluster, 574are possible members and 245 appear to be background Zwicky galaxies.Major-to-minor axis ratios are given for all galaxies brighter than B(T)= 18, as well as for many fainter ones.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:12h29m18.10s
Aparent dimensions:0.2′ × 0.166′

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J/AJ/90/1681VCC 1174

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